To help us make a better comparison, let’s take a closer look at each language.
- Is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language – Java uses an OOP approach to data and methods. The use of the phrase “programming language” here instead of “scripting language” implies code is first compiled before it can be executed.
- Is a statically typed language – With static typing, variables are known when code is compiled. This means errors can be caught early in development.
- Is a compiled language – Generally, Java code is compiled into bytecode before execution. The compiled code is not human-readable.
- Runs in a Java virtual machine (JVM) – The JVM is where Java code is executed. Because the JVM helps abstract away the underlying operating system, Java code is often very portable.
- Is a dynamically typed language – Dynamic typing means variables are checked at execution time. This allows for faster coding but means errors are often caught later in the development process.
A note on Node.js
What would become the Java programming language and platform was created by The Green Team at Sun Microsystems in 1995. Led by the famous computer scientist James Gosling, the team created a platform-independent, object-oriented, portable, and robust programming language. Initially, the language was going to have the name “OAK”. However, OAK was trademarked by another company, so the team needed to think of an alternative. After considering the names DNA and Silk, the team settled on the coffee-inspired Java.
Like most questions of this nature in technical roles, it depends. There’s no single right answer to the question of which programming language to learn that will apply to everyone.
Learn Java if…
- You want to build desktop applications
- You want to build mobile Android applications
- You want to learn a general-purpose programming language
- You want to work on large enterprise software applications
- You want to design the front-end of web apps
- You want to build mobile applications that use PhoneGap/Cordova, jQuery Mobile, Sencha, etc.
- You want to learn a language with a simple learning curve
- You want to learn a language that is useful on the front-end and back-end of web applications
Top courses in Java
Java students also learn
Empower your team. Lead the industry.
Get a subscription to a library of online courses and digital learning tools for your organization with Udemy Business.