Cause and effect is something everyone learns in elementary school. There are different kinds of cause and effect writings – sentences and essays. If you need more help with other basic writing skills, try this paragraph and essay writing class.
Below, you will find definitions of both types of cause and effect writings as well as examples of each. The section regarding arguments will also include sample topics for your cause and effect writings.
Cause and Effect Sentences
Sentences built using cause and effect usually involve an action that is making something happen and the result of that action. You can usually find sentences built this way by key words and phrases they use: so, since, as a result of, because, therefore. It’s also important to note that the cause is usually written before the effect is, but there are rare cases when the effect will be written first. You should realize, however, that no matter what order you present cause and effect in with your sentences, you cannot have an effect happen before a cause. When writing a cause and effect argument, you will be writing many cause and effect sentences. To help you better understand how these sentences are created, here are a few examples that have been dissected to show the separate cause and effect parts. If you want to practice cause and effect, try these exercises from StudyZone.
It had begun to rain so Sally and Jake had to run inside.
Cause: It had begun to rain.
Effect: Sally and Jake had to run inside.
Key word: so
Since it was so chilly outside, Benjamin built up a big fire in his fireplace.
Cause: It was so chilly outside.
Effect: Benjamin built up a big fire in his fireplace.
Key word: Since
Elphaba was getting very angry and frustrated because none of her good deeds were being recognized as good.
Cause: Elphaba was getting very angry and frustrated.
Effect: None of her good deeds were being recognized as good.
Key word: because
A great twister picked up Aunty Em’s house, and as a result, Dorothy and Toto ended up in the wonderful world of Oz.
Cause: A great twister picked up Aunty Em’s house.
Effect: Dorothy and Toto ended up in the wonderful world of Oz.
Key word: as a result
We went to the grocery store because we needed sour cream, eggs, and milk.
Cause: We needed sour cream, eggs, and milk.
Effect: We went to the grocery store.
Key word: because
This last example shows the effect being written before the cause. However, you will notice that they only went to the store because they needed something. They had a cause to go to the store. Here’s an example of a sentence written with an effect happening before a cause. You should see why it’s important that the cause always occur first.
Jeremy was sick because Sally went to school the next day with a cold.
Cause: Sally went to school the next day with a cold.
Effect: Jeremy was sick today?
How can Jeremy be sick when the cause of his sickness is Sally’s cold that he does not actually catch until the next day? Unless Jeremy is a time traveler, there is little chance that he is sick from something that will happen to him in the future. It is in your best interest to avoid sentences like the one above as they will make your argument invalid. If you need more help on writing, try learning plain writing.
Cause and Effect Essays
There are three kinds of cause and effect essays that can be written, but they are all very similar in written structure. The first is a cause/effect essay that explains the why or how of something happening and what resulted from it. The second kind is a cause essay, which usually discusses the many different reasons that something happened. In this kind of essay, there are many causes but only one effect. The final type of essay is an effect essay. An effect essay would focus on the many different happenings after some event occurs. There is only one cause, but there are many effects. If you are writing one of these essays for college, you can get further help by trying a college writing class. Here are example topics for each of the three essays.
causes and effects of global warming
causes and effects of insomnia and other sleeping disorders
causes and effects of earthquakes
causes and effects of divorce on families
causes and effects of low economic standing
causes of depression in adults or children
causes behind selecting a college major
causes of sibling rivalry
causes of poverty in a selected nation
causes of homelessness
causes of obesity in children or adults
causes of cyber bullying
causes of a social media site losing popularity
causes of some schools failing to educate students properly
causes of a specific war
causes of a noteworthy event
effects of abortion on women
effects of an unhealthy diet
effects of social media on life
effects of technology on family time
effects of leadership within a group
effects of drug usage
effects of industrialization
effects of family vacations
effects of violent video games
effects of standardized testing
effects of labels on students
effects of parent involvement in schools
This is just a short list of topics that are out there. You can write your essay on practically anything. If you’re looking for more topics, try this list of 40 writing topics. Blog writers can use cause and effect as well for their blog posts. Depending on the content of your blog, you can even use some of the topics listed above. However, you are not going to write as much as someone writing a cause and effect essay would. People do not read blog posts that are ten pages long. If you are a blog writer, try this blog writing workshop for more help.