Python Projects: A Quick Guide to the Basics of Python

pythonprojectsPython is a computer program that has been around for well over twenty years now. First developed in 1990 it was actually named after the famous British comedy Monty Python’s Flying Circus. It is a general purpose programming language, meaning that in can be used to write software applications in a wide variety of different domains. It can be described as a high-level programming language, meaning that the code is highly readable and usable.

Python is what is known as an interpreted programming language. This essentially means that the programming language is indirectly executed by a secondary program, known as interpreting program. This program “interprets” the programming language so that the computer can read it and execute it.

Though Python Software Foundation holds the Python copyright, python is free and open source. Python has a vast variety of applications and presents many unique advantages. If you are an aspiring programmer learning Python is an absolute must. To get a handle on Python it can be very helpful to take a training course or do a Python tutorial. You might want to check out this Python tutorial for beginners or consider taking the python for beginners course. Alternatively if you have already mastered the basics and are looking to hone your Python programming skills check out this great Python intermediate level training course on programming algorithms and puzzles.

What are the advantages of Python?

Overall, Python’s design philosophy emphasizes readability and usability. Python was developed upon the premise that there should be only one way (and preferably one obvious way) to do things, a philosophy that has resulted in a strict level of code standardization. The core programming language is quite small and the standard library is also large. In fact, Python’s large library is one of its greatest benefits, providing a variety of different tools for programmers suited to many different tasks.

The Python code is simple and the programming language’s syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than is typically possible with other languages, a very lucrative feature. Because of this, Python code is actually quite attractive in comparison to the code of other programming languages, which often appears cluttered. For example, Python often uses English words in coding where other languages rely on punctuation. Python also uses whitespace indentation, rather than curly braces or keywords, to delimit blocks, which contributes to its visually clean appearance.

In addition, Python is very versatile. It supports a variety of different styles of computer programming (known as programming paradigms) including object-oriented, imperative and functional programming. It also supports design by contract and logic programming. It can also be run on many different operating systems, including Windows, MacOS, and many brands of UNIX.

How are Python projects used?

All in all, Python is a pretty big player in the programing world. It is used in the daily operations of many prominent businesses and organizations, including Google, YouTube, NASA, and the New York Stock Exchange. In fact, Python is used exclusively for the New York Stock Exchange web based transaction system. Overall, Python is frequently used for web and internet development, database access, desktop GUIs, scientific and numeric computing, and network programming.

Lastly, Python is also very commonly used in game development, particularly in games with 3D graphics.  For more information about the use of Python to create computer games check out this great Python game development fundamentals course.

How do I develop a Python Project?

First and foremost, you will need to learn Python. If you’re not a programmer, make sure you have solid base in programming knowledge before you jump right into programming. You might want to check out this great programming course designed specifically for non-programmers. Keep in mind that Python is a great first programming language to learn because of its simple, consistent syntax and large standard library. Learning Python is a great way to master basic programming concepts like loops and procedures, as well as many basic programming skills, including problem decomposition and data-type.

Before you can actually get started programming you will need to install a Python interpreter on your computer. This is essentially the program that reads Python programmers and carries out their instructions so you need to have one on your computer before you can start doing any kind of programming. Luckily, Python has an interactive interpreter so you can test your code as you are coding. This decreases the likelihood of bugs and code errors.

There are also a few other things you will want to get down before you begin the coding process. You’ll need to have a clear understanding of the five basic data structures or types of variables in Python: integers, strings, lists, tuples, and dictionaries. You will also need to learn about operators and loops to adequately control the flow of data through the computer.

Once you’ve got all that down, you will want to practice coding and create your first project. Python projects are numerous; Python is the foundation of many software projects, commonly producing things like applications, libraries, modules, packages, etc. Remember, it is best to start small. Once you’ve got some practice in you can work your way up to bigger projects. And if you run into trouble don’t worry. You can likely work your way through any problems with a guidebook or online tutorial. Python is a very common programming language so there are tons of different resources out there at your disposal.