List of Spanish Adjectives: 100+ Descriptive Words For People, Places, and Things

spanishAnyone learning a new language can relate to how boring practice conversations can be. It’s all “Hi, my name is _____” this and “Where is the bathroom?” that. If you’re in the early stages of learning a new language like Spanish, you’re probably busy learning how sentence structure and grammar works, and learning basic vocabulary words with a focus on nouns… but who says you can’t learn some cool adjectives on the side?

Whether you’re a new Spanish speaker, or someone looking to travel to a Spanish-speaking country sometime soon, below is a list of Spanish adjectives you can use to expand your vocabulary and practice making your conversations a little more… descriptive.

In a hurry to learn the language? Learn how to speak Spanish in two weeks with this handy guide. Or, check out this course on how to speak conversational Spanish.

List of Spanish Adjectives

There are a few words in English that change depending on the gender of the subject: actor or actress, waiter or waitress, and so on. There aren’t many adjectives in English that do this, however – not like in Spanish. You can learn more about the grammar of Spanish in this basic Spanish language course.

Because of the way Spanish adjectives change depending on the gender of the noun it’s referring to, and whether or not the noun is singular or plural, we’ll specify below in our list of Spanish adjectives like so:

english definition

  • spanish adjective masculine singular – spanish adjective feminine singular
  • spanish adjective masculine or masculine+feminine plural – spanish adjective feminine plural

If there is only one word in both the singular and plural spaces, it means the word is not gendered, but neutral.

Before we get started with the adjectives, consider learning some Spanish verbs as well, with this blog post. You can also learn to count from one to 1000 in Spanish with this guide.

Physical Appearance and Traits

The following list of Spanish adjectives can be used to describe something physical, like a person or an object. Don’t just stop at learning adjectives. Learn how to be fluent in the language with this introductory Spanish class for beginners.

tall, high

  • alto – alta
  • altos – altas

long

  • largo – larga
  • largos – largas

short

  • corto – corta
  • cortos – cortas

big, tall

  • grande
  • grandes

small

  • pequeño – pequeña
  • pequeños – pequeñas

skinny, thin

  • delgado – delgada
  • delgados – delgadas

thin, wirey

  • flaco – flaca
  • flacos – flacas

fat, heavy set

  • gordo – gorda
  • gordos – gordas

weighty, heavy

  • pesado – pesada
  • pesados – pesadas

light weight

  • ligero – ligera
  • ligeros – ligeras

pretty, cute

  • bonito – bonita
  • bonitos – bonitas

ugly

  • feo – fea
  • feos – feas

clean

  • limpio – limpia
  • limpios – limpias

dirty

  • cochino – cochina
  • cochinos – cochinas

flat, even

  • plano – plana
  • planos – planas

bent, crooked

  • chueco – chueca
  • chuecos – chuecas

angular

  • angular
  • angulares

inverted, upside down

  • invierto – invierta
  • inviertos – inviertas

naked

  • encuerado – encuerada
  • encuerados – encueradas

invisible

  • invisible
  • invisibles

wet

  • mojado – mojada
  • mojados – mojadas

humid

  • húmedo – húmeda
  • húmedos – húmedas

dry

  • seco – seca
  • secos – secas

warm

  • tibio – tibia
  • tibios – tibias

cold

  • frío – fría
  • fríos – frías

empty

  • vacío – vacía
  • vacíos – vacías

full

  • lleno – llena
  • llenos – llenas

dark, obscure

  • oscuro – oscura
  • oscuros – oscuras

pale

  • pálido – pálida
  • pálidos – pálidas

old

  • viejo – vieja
  • viejos – viejas

new

  • nuevo – nueva
  • nuevos – nuevas

roasted, barbecued

  • asado – asada
  • asados – asadas

burnt

  • quemado – quemada
  • quemados – quemadas

fried

  • frito – frita
  • fritos – fritas

boiled

  • hervido – hervida
  • hervidos – hervidas

Personality Traits and Behaviors

The list of Spanish adjectives below can be used to describe a person, or a person’s behavior. They can also be applied to places, and things, but they don’t necessarily have to be physical objects. Try them out for yourself.

quiet

  • quieto – quieta
  • quietos – quietas

loud, noisy

  • ruidoso – ruidosa
  • ruidosos – ruidosas

absurd

  • absurdo – absurda
  • absurdos – absurdas

boring, bored

  • aburrido – aburrida
  • aburridos – aburridas

interesting

  • interesante
  • interesantes

fun, entertaining

  • divertido – divertida
  • divertidos – divertidas

funny, comical

  • cómico – cómica
  • cómicos – cómicas

funny, hilarious

  • chistoso – chistosa
  • chistosos – chistosas

happy, joyful

  • alegre
  • alegres

joyful, merry

  • feliz
  • felices

unhappy, unfortunate

  • infeliz
  • infelices

angry, mad

  • enojado – enojada
  • enojados – enojadas

annoying, irritating

  • enfadoso – enfadosa
  • enfadosos – enfadosas

sad

  • triste
  • tristes

miserable

  • miserable
  • miserables

tired

  • cansado – cansada
  • cansados – cansadas

sick, ill

  • enfermo – enferma
  • enfermos – enfermas

bad, mean

  • malo – mala
  • malos – malas

good

  • bueno – buena
  • buenos – buenas

intelligent

  • inteligente
  • inteligentes

wise

  • sabio – sabia
  • sabios – sabias

useful

  • útil
  • útiles

useless

  • inútil
  • inútiles

responsible

  • responsable
  • responsables

legal

  • legal
  • legales

illegal

  • ilegal
  • ilegales

aggressive

  • agresivo – agresiva
  • agresivos – agresivas

calm, tranquil, peaceful

  • tranquilo – tranquila
  • tranquilos – tranquilas

bitter, sour, acidic

  • agrio – agria
  • agrios – agrias

bitter

  • amargo – amarga
  • amargos – amargas

sweet, mild, gentle

  • apacible
  • apacibles

cheap, inexpensive

  • barato – barata
  • baratos – baratas

expensive

  • caro – cara
  • caros – caras

ambitious

  • ambicioso – ambiciosa
  • ambiciosos – ambiciosas

lazy, unproductive

  • perezoso – perezosa
  • perezosos – perezosas

lazy, vapid

  • flojo – floja
  • flojos – flojas

normal

  • normal
  • normales

strange

  • extraño – extraña
  • extraños – extrañas

eager, avid

  • ansioso – ansiosa
  • ansiosos – ansiosas

capable, able

  • capaz
  • capaces

drunk

  • borracho – borracha
  • borrachos – borrachas

hungover, crude

  • crudo – cruda
  • crudos – crudas

whimsical

  • carpichoso – caprichosa
  • caprichosos – caprichosas

stubborn

  • cabezón – cabezona
  • cabezones – cabezonas

loving

  • cariñoso – cariñosa
  • cariñosos – cariñosas

married

  • embarazada
  • embarazadas

divorced

  • divorciado – divorciada
  • divorciados – divorciadas

domestic

  • doméstico – doméstica
  • domésticos – domésticas

jealous

  • celoso – celosa
  • celosos – celosas

emotional

  • emocional
  • emocionales

sensitive

  • sensitivo – sensitiva
  • sensitivos – sensitivas

sentimental

  • sentimental
  • sentimentales

mature

  • maduro – madura
  • marudos – maduras

honest

  • honesto – honesta
  • honestos – honestas

dishonest

  • deshonesto – deshonesta
  • deshonestos – deshonestas

comfortable

  • confortable
  • confortables

content

  • contento – contenta
  • contentos – contentas

unbalanced, crazy

  • chiflado – chiflada
  • chiflados – chifladas

dependent

  • dependiente

independent

  • independiente
  • independientes

early

  • temprano – temprana
  • tempranos – tempranas

late

  • tarde
  • tardes

Colors

black

  • negro – negra
  • negros – negras

grey

  • gris
  • grises

white

  • blanco – blanca
  • blancos – blancas

beige

  • beige
  • beiges

red

  • rojo – roja
  • rojos – rojas

orange

  • anaranjado – anaranjada
  • anaranjados – anaranjadas

yellow

  • amarillo – amarilla
  • amarillos – amarillas

green

  • verde
  • verdes

blue

  • azul
  • azules

purple

  • purpúreo – purpúrea
  • purpúreos – purpúreas

lilac

  • lila
  • lila

pink

  • rosado – rosada
  • rosados – rosadas

Nationalities

Mexican

  • mexicano – mexicana

American

  • americano – americana

Bolivian

  • boliviano – boliviana
  • bolivianos – bolivianas

British

  • inglés – inglesa

Canadian

  • canadiense

Chilean

  • chileno – chilena

Chinese

  • chino – china

Colombian

  • colombiano – colombiana

Cuban

  • cubano – cubana

Danish

  • danés – danesa

Dutch

  • holandés – holandesa

Ecuadorian

  • ecuatoriano – ecuatoriana

German

  • alemán – alemana

Greek

  • griego – griega

Guatemalan

  • guatemalteco – guatemalteca

Honduran

  • hondureño – hondureña

Irish

  • irlandés – irlandesa

Italian

  • italiano – italiana

Panamanian

  • panameño – panameña

Paraguayan

  • paraguayo – paraguaya

Peruvian

  • peruani – peruana

Polish

  • polaco – polaca

Puerto Rican

  • puertorriqueño – puertorriqueña

Russian

  • ruso, rusa

Swedish

  • sueco, sueca

Ukranian

  • ucraniano – ucraniana

Uruguayan

  • uruguayo – uraguayo

Venezuelan

  • venezolano – venezolana

Keep up the Spanish language lessons with this course on beginners Spanish through advanced Spanish. Learn it all there. Also check out this essential Spanish language learnint course for beginners.