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list of french verbsFrench is not too difficult a language to learn. There are a lot of funny sounds you have to make that English native tongues just aren’t used to; but other than that it’s just like any other language. There are several crucial parts to a sentence that make it “complete”, the subject, verb, and noun. Verbs are words that describe something happening, in other words, an action word. Things like running, eating, and sleeping are verbs. Just like in English, sometimes these verbs are used metaphorically or are used loosely which can make some French phrases confusing. In English, we may something like “I’m going to sleep on it” when talking about thinking something over. We aren’t actually going to sleep on anything, but it’s a common phrase nonetheless. Some of these French verbs can be used in similar fashion. You can learn more about French grammar and phrases in this French Grammar for Beginners course. It may help give you a more solid foundation of these types of scenarios.


In all languages verbs are conjugated to apply them to the subject of the sentence. So when you say I swim every day, swim is the verb being conjugated. If you are going to talk about your friend Katie, then you would conjugate the verb to fit Katie, or a female. In English swim just gets an “s” on the end for the conjugation of he/she/it. So, Katie swims every day. French conjugations (like most languages) have regular and irregular verbs. Regular verbs will follow some set of rules when you change it from I to we to him. Irregular verbs are a whole different ball game. These verbs take a number of different forms and there are really no good ways to remember them except to memorize and use them in your everyday speech. You’ll see that some of the verbs below don’t look like the root verb (i.e. swim), that means the verb is irregular. Number 2, aller, is a good example of this. Here are some tips to help you learn French fast.

40 French Verbs

1. Acheter – to buy

2. Aller– to go

3. Appeler – to call

4. Apprendre – to learn

5. Avoir – to have

6. Chanter – to sing

7. Comprendre – to understand

8. Corriger – to correct

9. Croire – to believe

10. Demander – to ask for

11. Dire – to say, tell

12. Envoyer – to send

13. Essayer – to try

14. Être – to be

15. Faire –to do, make

16. Falloir – to be necessary

17. Goût – to taste

18. Ignorer – to ignore

19. Laver – to wash

20. Manger – to eat

21. Monter – to climb

22. Nager – to swim

23. Neiger – to snow

24. Noter – to write down

25. Porter – to wear, to carry

26. Pouvoir – to be able

27. Prendire – to take/ to get

28. Promener – to take for a walk

29. Regarder – to look at

30. Regretter – to regret

31. Risquer – to risk

32. Savoir – to know

33. Sentir – to feel/ to smell

34. Souhaiter – to wish

35. Tenir – to hold

36. Terminer – to end

37. Tomber – to fall

38. Trier – to sort

39. Voir – to see

40. Vouloir – to want

These 40 verbs include some of the most commonly used verbs in the French language. It also includes some obscure ones (like, “to take for a walk”) that you may not need to use on a daily basis; or there may be another synonymous verbs more popular. However, getting a good understanding and pronunciation of these verbs is going to benefit your French education tremendously. Want to learn more? If you’re at the beginner level you can check out this great course for French beginners. If you’re at the not quite a beginner, but not quite at the intermediate level, there’s a course for you too. It’s Beginner French Part Two and you can apply some of the verbs you just learned! These are great tools to help you as you dive further into the language.

Page Last Updated: February 2020

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