CSS3 Circles: How to Create Circles Using CSS3 Border Radius

css3 circleCSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, are a powerful way to add graphics and effects to your website that are efficient, effective and that make your site user friendly. The new elements available in CSS3 offer even more flexibility for creating great looking graphics. This tutorial will show you how to create CSS3 circles using the border element available in CSS3. The tutorial will also show you how to use gradient fill in your circles.

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To create circles using CSS3, we will use the following steps:

1.       Create 3 squares using the CSS element

2.       Define a class called circle

3.       Use the border radius to convert our squares into circles

4.       Use the background element to add a gradient fill

Create 3 Squares Using CSS3

To create circles using CSS, we will start by creating three square elements. The elements are created by creating a basic CSS element for our page and then setting the size of the element and the background color for that element.

Here is the code to create 3 squares for our page:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<style>

                               #element1 {

                                               width: 200px;

                                               height: 200px;

                                               background: green;

                               }

                               #element2 {

                                               width: 125px;

                                               height: 125px;

                                               background: red;

                        }

                               #element3 {

                                               width: 100px;

                                               height: 100px;

                                               background: blue;

                                               position: relative;

                               }

</style>

</head>

<body>

<h2>Basic Squares</h2>

<div id=”element1″ ></div>

<div id=”element2″ ></div>

<div id=”element3″ ></div>

The above code creates three elements on the page. We use CSS to set the width, height and background color of each element. Once the elements are created, we add the elements to the page using the “div id” tag within the HTML code itself. The result of the above code looks like this:

CSSCircle1

Define a Class Called Circle

Now we need to define a class that we can apply to each square using the “div id” tag. The class will define the borders for each of the squares. To create a circle, the border needs to be set at 50%. By setting the border size at 50% the corners of each square are rounded and the square turns into a circle.

The code to create the circle class looks like this:

                               .circle {

                                               border-radius: 50%;

                                               display: inline-block;

                                               margin-right: 20px;

                               }

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Use the Class Selector to Convert Our Squares into Circles

Now that we have the class defined, we need to assign the class to each of our squares. We therefore need to add a “class” selector to the “div id” elements on our page. Take a look at the code below:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<style>

                               .circle {

                                               border-radius: 50%;

                                               display: inline-block;

                                               margin-right: 20px;

                               }

                               #element1 {

                                               width: 200px;

                                               height: 200px;

                                               background: green;

                               }

                               #element2 {

                                               width: 125px;

                                               height: 125px;

                                               background: red;

                        }

                               #element3 {

                                               width: 100px;

                                               height: 100px;

                                               background: blue;

                                               position: relative;

                               }

</style>

</head>

<body>

<h2>Basic Circles</h2>

<div id=”element1″></div>

<div id=”element2″></div>

<div id=”element3″></div>

</body>

</html>

The result of the code looks like this:

CSSCircle2

Congratulations. You now have three circles on your webpage using CSS3 and the border element to create the circles. Now we will use the background element to add a gradient fill to our circles to make them look even more impressive.

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Use the Background Element to Add a Gradient Fill

We will now add a gradient fill to our circles using the background element. Take a look at the following code:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<style>

                               .circle {

                                               border-radius: 50%;

                                               display: inline-block;

                                               margin-right: 20px;

                               }

                               #element1 {

                                               width: 200px;

                                               height: 200px;

                                               background: green;

                       background: -webkit-linear-gradient(red, blue);

                       background: -o-linear-gradient(red, blue);

                       background: -moz-linear-gradient(red, blue);

                       background: linear-gradient(red, blue);

                               }

                               #element2 {

                                               width: 125px;

                                               height: 125px;

                                               background: green;

                       background: -webkit-linear-gradient(yellow, green);

                       background: -o-linear-gradient(yellow, green);

                       background: -moz-linear-gradient(yellow, green);

                       background: linear-gradient(yellow, green);

                        }

                               #element3 {

                                               width: 100px;

                                               height: 100px;

                                               background: blue;

                                               position: relative;

                       background: -webkit-linear-gradient(purple, pink);

                       background: -o-linear-gradient(purple, pink);

                       background: -moz-linear-gradient(purple, pink);

                       background: linear-gradient(purple, pink);

                               }

</style>

</head>

<body>

<h2>Basic Circles</h2>

<div id=”element1″></div>

<div id=”element2″></div>

<div id=”element3″></div>

</body>

</html>

The above code results in the following:

CSSCircle3

Add CSS3 Circles and Other Elements to Your Web Pages

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