Vedic Math – even the name sounds ancient and exotic. This form of arithmetic is very ancient and was developed by Indian holy men thousands of years ago. Sadly, knowledge of Vedic math faded, eventually falling out of use for untold centuries. Like many monks, Indian holy men study the language of the ancients in order to read religious texts, historical records, books and more. These well educated men with superior focus developed an incredibly efficient and simple method of doing math.
After so many centuries of lost knowledge, Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji discovered ancient texts and translated them into modern day language. Within these texts were 16 sutras explaining the easiest method to do math problems mentally and on paper. Tirthaji researched these mathematical formulas and found them to be super-efficient and uncomplicated while also providing accurate answers every time.
Vedic math is very distinctive in that it is very efficient and helping students learn how to do mental math. Though this method of math is much easier than other methods, a good memory is helpful. Learn mental tricks or find ways to boost the memory through mental exercises to help master these sutras.
Standard math taught before the advent of the disastrous Common Core experiment taught students to use an amalgam of seemingly random rules to complete mathematics problems. Vedic math uses related techniques in all of its sutras, making math easier and more logical to the human mind. When students understand the topic they are learning, the subject becomes fun and interesting. A fun math class goes a long way towards changing attitudes about math and related career paths.
Introducing the Vedic System the the Western World
In many western societies, math is a much dreaded school subject. It is no wonder why so many students are confused and frustrated with math. There are too many rules for anyone to remember. Vedic math only has 16 rules, each of which is very simplifying. The spread of the Vedic system in the Western World is rapid, with teachers beginning to introduce basic concepts of addition and subtraction in kindergarten and first grade class rooms. Many European countries have begun to include these 16 sutras in their lesson plans and text books with great success.
The Vedic system makes complex addition, multiplication, subtraction, division and even square roots stunningly simple. Because this method makes math so much simpler these methods are now used to teach students how to do mental math very quickly. Some mathematicians call Vedic math trick math, though it is a very valid and effective way of solving problems.
One of the advantages of using Vedic mathematics is that students can create their own mental tricks to compliment Vedic sutras. Each sutra offers several ways to solve a problem simply, so students can choose the method that is easiest for them. This makes math fun and students more interested and engaged in learning. There are very few special rules that apply to special math problems, which is in stark contrast to conventional mathematics where each action has a different and unrelated rule.
Interest in the Vedic math system is piqued in America, where students often have great difficulty learning and retaining mathematical knowledge. Vedic math is different from conventional math in that it offers a more unified theory of mathematics. Rules for division may be reversed and used for solving multiplication problems. This incredible unity and flexibility makes perfect sense to many of those who are confused by conventional math methods. Vedic math sutras even allow problems to be solved by approach the problem from the left side or the right side. Problems can be written down in several different ways. It is even possible to solve more than one figure at once. The methods are incredible.
16 Sutras of the Vedic System
The following 16 sutras offer basic and simple rules to help solve math problems easily:
- Ekadhikina Purvena -By one more than the previous one. This sutra is used to find the root of numbers or squares of numbers. It is also used for special division problems, such as 1/24.
- Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah -All from 9 and the last from 10. This sutra instructs students to begin on the left side of a subtraction problem and subtract 9 from each digit and 10 from the last.
- Urdhva-Tiryagbyham -Vertically and crosswise. This is the formula used in multiplication. It can also be used in division of large numbers by other large numbers.
- Paraavartya Yojayet-Transpose and adjust. When solving an equation, use zero as a value of the denominator. The result will give three values for x. Discard the term where there is a value of x set at a particular number. Substitute for x in the remaining two terms to find a constant for the equation.
- Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye-When the sum is the same on each side of an equation, the sum of the problem is zero.
- (Anurupye) Shunyamanyat -If one is in ratio, the other is zero. This formula helps solve simple equations containing long strings of numbers.
- Sankalana-vyavakalanabhyam-By addition and by subtraction. Used for equations where x and y coefficients are interchangeable.
- Puranapuranabyham-By the completion or non-completion. This is a way of solving algebraic equations by seeing the problem as a whole rather than as a simplified equation.
- Chalana-Kalanabyham-Differences and Similarities
- Yaavarum-Whatever the extent of its deficiency
- Vyashtisamanstih-Part and Whole. Used in factoring numbers.
- Shesanyankena Charamena-The remainders by the last digit. This is used to change a fraction into a decimal.
- Sopaantyadvayamantyam-The ultimate and twice the penultimate. Helps to identify problems that may be solved instantly.
- Ekanyunena Purvena -By one less than the previous one. This is one of the best math methods for solving problems mentally.
- Gunitasamuchyah -The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product
- Gunakasamuchyah-The factors of the sum are equal to the sum of the factors
Take a course in Vedic Math to go into more detail about each of the sutras and how to apply these rules. Enjoy the expansion of mental math capabilities and the strengthening of the memory that Vedic Math exercises brings about. Pass this knowledge on to others who struggle with math.