Vedic math has been increasing in popularity in the United States and other Western nations. For more than a thousand years, alternative methods of solving math problems have been used. However, ancient history has recently been uncovered, and amazing mathematical discoveries have been made.
Vedic math was developed in India thousands of years ago. It is an extremely efficient and congruent way of solving simple and complex equations. In fact, Vedic math can be used to solve just about any math problem facing students from elementary school through graduate school.
Knowledge of Vedic math was lost centuries ago due to unknown circumstances. About a century ago, archaeologists and religious historians were able to translate ancient documents that contained mysterious sutras. In totality, 16 different sutras have been translated and tested. These sutras, which are listed below, are instructions for students trying to learn how to solve math problems. Udemy is offering a Vedic mathematics class that teaches students how to use the sutras and what they mean.
Vedic math, also called mental math or trick math, is very different in that the methods used cut away steps used in modern day equations. In order to be able to prepare the mind for completing mental math problems, it helps to build up the memory using a series of memory exercises.
Vedic math methods contain none of the steps that confuse so many students today. Seemingly random rules are difficult to comprehend and remember. Vedic math eliminates those incongruent rules and steps in favor of a more logical and unified system.Some mathematicians refer to Vedic math as trick math, however it is a valid and effective way to do even the most complex math problems.
Today’s students should be taught the Vedic System so that they may solve math equations very quickly and more easily, whether it is addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, or even square roots. The Vedic System makes learning math simple and effective.
One of the advantages of using Vedic mathematics is that students can create their own mental tricks to compliment Vedic sutras. Each sutra offers several ways to solve a problem simply, so students can choose the method that is easiest for them. This makes math fun and students more interested and engaged in learning.
There are very few special rules that apply to special math problems, which is in stark contrast to conventional mathematics where each action has a different and unrelated rule. Vedic math is different from conventional math in that it offers a more unified theory of mathematics. Rules for division may be reversed and used for solving multiplication problems.
This incredible unity and flexibility makes perfect sense to many of those who are confused by conventional math methods. Vedic math sutras even allow problems to be solved by approach the problem from the left side or the right side. Problems can be written down in several different ways. It is even possible to solve more than one figure at once. The methods are incredible.
16 Sutras of the Vedic System
The following 16 sutras offer basic and simple rules to help solve math problems easily. Keep in mind that these sutras are rough translations with quick explanations. For a broader understanding of how to use these sutras personally, try taking a Vedic math course.
1. Ekadhikina Purvena – By one more than the previous one. This sutra is used to find the root of numbers or squares of numbers. It is also used for special division problems, such as 1/24.
2. Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah – All from 9 and the last from 10. This sutra instructs students to begin on the left side of a subtraction problem and subtract 9 from each digit and 10 from the last.
3. Urdhva-Tiryagbyham – Vertically and crosswise. This is the formula used in multiplication. It can also be used in division of large numbers by other large numbers.
4. Paraavartya Yojayet – Transpose and adjust. When solving an equation, use zero as a value of the denominator. The result will give three values for x. Discard the term where there is a value of x set at a particular number. Substitute for x in the remaining two terms to find a constant for the equation.
5. Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye – When the sum is the same on each side of an equation, the sum of the problem is zero.
6. (Anurupye) Shunyamanyat -If one is in ratio, the other is zero. This formula helps solve simple equations containing long strings of numbers.
7. Sankalana-vyavakalanabhyam – By addition and by subtraction. Used for equations where x and y coefficients are interchangeable.
8. Puranapuranabyham – By the completion or non-completion. This is a way of solving algebraic equations by seeing the problem as a whole rather than as a simplified equation.
9. Chalana-Kalanabyham – Differences and Similarities
10. Yaavarum – Whatever the extent of its deficiency
11. Vyashtisamanstih – In part and in totality. This is used for factoring numbers.
12. Shesanyankena Charamena – The remainders by the last digit. This is used to change a fraction into a decimal. Watch this YouTube tutorial to get a better idea.
13. Sopaantyadvayamantyam – The ultimate and twice the penultimate. Helps to identify problems that may be solved instantly.
14. Ekanyunena Purvena – By one less than the previous one. This is one of the best math methods for solving problems mentally.
15. Gunitasamuchyah – The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product.
16. Gunakasamuchyah – The factors of the sum are equal to the sum of the factors.
Vedic math works well in today’s rapidly changing school systems. Its flexibility and adaptability are imperative to making math fun and easy for students. Vedic math tricks, such as the ones shown above, can make class enjoyable for students who normally hate math. Not only is Vedic math fun, it offers several benefits for the human mind.
Methods apply across the board. Once the fundamentals of Vedic math are learned and understood, it’s easy to use the same methods to solve a number of different types of equations. What works for addition and subtraction also works for finding square roots, solving fractions and in algebra – no special processes or random steps are needed.
These methods can be used on paper or mentally. When used mentally, Vedic math can help boost mental agility. Math that was once impossible because an easy puzzle. With increased mental agility come a lot of benefits, including better comprehension in other school subjects, such as science.