Puppies are awesome. They are cute little furballs with those puppy eyes and big clumsy paws. They aren’t quite sure of the difference between right and wrong yet and they may have an accident or two in the house – but you forgive them and love them and move on. Figuring out which puppy is the best for your house can be a challenge. Or, maybe it’s not a challenge at all because you’d gladly take home any pup you see (this probably fits most of us). No matter the type of pup you end up with you’re going to need a little bit of knowledge on dog training. You don’t have to be the dog whisperer to have an obedient pup. Learn more about what to do in this dog training course. Hopefully this little guide can help you pick the perfect puppy addition for your family.
Of course, there are way more than 16 types of dog out there, but there are some of the most popular:
Talk about some facial hair! These little long-haired pups are very active and attentive. They learn quickly, are playful and brave – but watch out for small dog syndrome. These dogs as adults can get a Napoleon complex if they aren’t consistently shown who is boss (that’s you). They can get up to almost a foot tall and usually weigh between 9-16 pounds. They will live to be an average of 15 years and need a lot of grooming.
This group of dogs has over 25 different breeds. The most popular puppies you’ll run across are: American Cocker Spaniel, English springer spaniel, Welsh Springer Spaniels and Brittany Spaniels. Spaniels are best known as being gun dogs and have great, friendly temperaments. Being gun dogs, these pups are great at retrieving and are incredible companions. They typically live between 12 and 14 years.
“Poms” are toy sized dogs. They have abundant energy, are protective and can be excellent show dogs. They are curious little things and will get into trouble if you don’t remind them of their boundaries. Like all of their other small dog peers, Pomeranian’s can exhibit symptoms of small dog syndrome if they aren’t led by a strong owner. Pom puppies are extremely fragile (three can fit in one human hand!). Adult Pom’s will sit between 8-12 inches tall and weigh up to 7lbs.
Beagles are little hound dogs with the spirit of a bear. They are very intelligent, hardy and have incredible hunting instincts. Most beagles need a lot of training otherwise their inquisitive nature will lead them wherever it is they want to go and whenever it is they want to do it. Try this course on polite leash training to help make your walks more enjoyable. This pup will “point” and “beagle”, translated, they pick up their paw when they are on to a scent and make a short howling noise instead of a bark. Adults can get up to 16 inches tall and weigh up to 30lbs.
There are over 25 types of fiery and fearless terriers recognized by the American Kennel Club and they range from a tiny Norfolk (10 inches tall and between 10-12lbs) to Airedale Terriers (up to 2 feet tall and up to 65lbs). The most popular breeds are Jack Russell, Boston and Yorkshire terriers. Despite how small a terrier may be their bravery generally makes them great watchdogs. They are super independent but this in combination with courage can create some issues when bigger (not-so-easy to tackle) challenges may come their way. Terriers chase after their prey by “going to the ground”.
Puggies! Pug puppies are super cute, super small, bug-eyed friends. Pugs are really happy and affectionate pet that can sometimes act a little rambunctious. They bore easily so training them or keeping them occupied is going to benefit your pug. These pups can catch a cold easily and are prone to chronic breathing problems due to their short snout. They stand around 14 inches tall and weigh up to 20lbs.
Maltese pups are small and silky animals. They are very intelligent and loyal pets which makes them a great companion and easy to train as a guard dog. Like most small dogs, Maltese need to be given a set of rules to follow or they will become bossy and can snap unexpectedly. Here are some tips for making those rules in the course Dog Training 101. Maltese aren’t keen on hot weather and could do without a huge yard to run around which makes them good for an apartment or city living. They grow up to be around 10 inches tall and up to 9lbs.
Imagine a tiny puppy with long droopy ears, sad eyes and a long slender body. Adorable right? Basset hounds are very gentle, loving and friendly which makes them great with kids. They have a super hound nose so sometimes they can get distracted by smells and follow the scent (while drowning out your pleas to come inside). Despite this, they are fairly easy to train. Basset Hound adults stand around 15 inches tall and can weigh up to 65lbs.
They aren’t called bull dogs for nothing. They are intimidating in look but are totally the opposite in nature. These gentle beasts will be your best friend and will certainly be an intruder’s worst enemy. Very courageous, persistent and smart guard dogs, bull dogs make great family pets. Their smushed faces give them a short snout that attributes to their loud snoring (cute when you’re not trying to sleep as well). They grow up to be about 16 inches tall and up to 55lbs.
Energetic doesn’t begin to explain it. These pups are bred to be sled dogs and sled dogs don’t stop working, ever. Huskies are gentle and playful and tend to be very intelligent. They need a strong pack leader in order to be trained well, any beta behavior will result in a mischievous husky pup. Huskies love to be around other people and dogs and are known to become destructive when bored or lonely. I can attest to this after growing up with a husky for 14 years. Husky > Pillows. This is a great breed if you have kids, other pets, or a lot of time to spend playing outside. They can grow up to 2 feet tall and around 60lbs.
Great Danes are loyal and friendly pets. They are great around children, hardly bark and show no aggressiveness unless absolutely necessary. Training of Great Danes should begin when they are young pups. They won’t be small for long and these large dogs need to learn not to jump up on people for risk of injury to the person. Make your Great Dane the model housemate by following the tips and tricks in this puppy training course. Unfortunately the Dane is not a long living breed, they typically live to be around 10 years old. They can grow up to 3 feet tall and up to 200lbs!
Boxers are frequently used for police work due to their intelligence, curiosity and train-ability. Although they are easy to train, they can sometimes get a little caught up if they are around small animals like chickens or rodents – so to be safe keep these guys separated. Boxers got their name from how they use their front paws for nearly everything. They are super athletic and very protective when the circumstances call for it. As for loyalty, they get an A+. Boxer pups will grow up to be around 2 feet tall and around 70lbs.
Lab’s bred for hunting are known as field dogs and can get really hyper and strung out if they aren’t being given enough exercise. The hunting Labs are dedicated to their owner and are really eager to please. On top of being awesome hunters and helpers, Labradors are one of the most popular pups in the US because they are easy to train, very playful and are great with children. All of the reasons contribute to why they are the number one breed chosen to be service dogs. As adults they get to be 24 inches and up to 75lbs.
Like the name indicates, retrievers are really good at, well, retrieving. They are instinctively hunting dogs that were bred to accompany hunters and retrieve game. However, retrievers have become one of the most popular pets in the United States – especially golden retrievers. There are a few other breeds of retrievers including the Chesapeake Bay Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers. These pups as a whole are super patient, gentle and athletic. They make great guide dogs, family pets and long term companions. They will also get to be about 24 inches tall and around 80lbs.
These pups are strong, athletic, easy to train and super good working dogs. They are most recognized for their work with police and forensic units and as aids on search and rescue missions. They have a keen sense of smell, are confident and would literally give their life for those that they love. Pups should be trained from an early age so their eagerness to learn doesn’t turn into bad behavior. They are natural born leaders so help them channel their skill by working with them and letting them know you are still in control. Adult German Shepards will grow to be about 26 inches tall and top out at around 90lbs.
And last of the small dogs – Chihuahuas. These little big-eared yippers won’t ever weigh more than 6-7 lbs. They are happy, spirited and adventurous little things that are known for their strong will. They aren’t the easiest pups to train, but once you are successful you will have to consistently provide positive reinforcement to keep the good behavior alive. This breed tends to be babied – carried around in purses or little tote bags, never left to fend for themselves and so on. Because of this they can become snappy and feisty and under exercised. Let your Chihuahua puppy explore and keep active and they will stay happy.
Here is a good article on more types of big dogs and their personalities. New to dog ownership? Follow the steps in this Plan for Success course to ensure that you, your family and your home are ready for a puppy. The course will also help you find the right breed and temperament for your environment.