Psychology vs Psychiatry: The Meaningful Difference

psychology vs psychiatryPeople generally mistake psychologists for psychiatrists and vice-versa. People mistakenly believe that the two are the same, with different names. Funny that they would confuse the two studies of the human mind. Personality is a huge field in today’s world and helps people eventually choose career paths. To understand the psychology of people better, you can take a course on understanding who you are. They are definitely different in many ways, but similar in some ways,enough at least to cause confusion. While both study the brain, emotions, feelings and thoughts, there is a distinct difference between the two fields of study. The primary differences between the two fields are found in the educational requirements, the field-specific training, practice and salary.

If your dream is to become a psychologist, you would begin your education with an undergraduate major in psychology. After earning either a bachelor of science or art in psychology, you would then need to attend a graduate program to earn a masters degree as well as a doctorate degree in psychology. From earning your undergraduate degree to earning you doctorate there is a time-span of five to seven years of continued studies. Most states require two years of internship or two years of supervised practice before you are eligible for licensing. While earning a degree, you can also choose to specialize in a particular field of psychology, which may require additional class time and additional state exams for your license. A psychologist may also practice as a psychoanalyst which requires addition training to become an expert in a non-medication mental health treatment technique known as psychoanalysis.

This is one of the differences, no ability to prescribe medication. A psychologist or psychoanalyst gives a diagnosis, but does not attempt to solve it with medication. Instead the psychologists tries to uncover the root of the problem. The main key to successful psychology is understanding people. To learn more you can take a class on the human psyche.

Becoming a psychiatrist, however, requires you to go to medical school. After completing your undergraduate degree in science, you would then attend a graduate program to complete your medical degree. After you finish medical school, you would complete four years of residency, during which time your training would be in psychiatry. The residency is typically completed at a hospital on the psychiatric unit. There are a number of specializations you can choose to practice in such as general psychiatry, child psychiatry, psychoanalyst, forensic psychiatry and a host of other options. After you complete your internship and residency, you will be required to pass a state exam in order to become a licensed medical doctor, you may also be required to sit for an additional exam in order to become a licensed psychiatrist to determine your mental capacity as a person who will diagnose mental disorders.

Although there are differences in the two fields, psychiatrists and psychologists often work together in the treatment of patients. A psychologist is not able to write prescriptions, but may recommended a patient be seen by a fellow psychiatrist in order to receive medications and vice versa for psychiatrists; they often refer patients to fellow psychotherapists and psychologist to receive counseling or mental health therapy. A psychiatrist is concerned with the patients well-being, however, their focus is primarily towards disorders such as a chemical imbalance and medicinal remedies, whereas a psychologist has a primary focus surrounding a patient’s thoughts, feelings and general mental health.

Both a psychologist and a psychiatrist are Doctors, however, someone who practices psychology has earned a doctorate degree that is either a PhD or a PsyD, whereas someone practicing psychiatry is a medical doctor. Both career choices require several years of commitment to studies and both are rewarding careers that offer a variety of sub-fields in which one can practice. The career outlook for both positions are good career options for people who are interested in and study mental health. The salaries vary depending on the field of psychiatry or psychology you choose to specialize in, however, a psychiatrist typically earns a larger yearly income than a psychologist due to the medical degree. A psychologist’s average salary may differ based on the specialized field. For example, a clinical psychologist’s salary is higher than that of a sports or school psychologist.

A psychologist may make anywhere between US $50,000 – US $95,000 based on specialization. Also, psychologists not only charge per hour fees, they also charge fees for psychological testing and assessment. As such, the figure may vary greatly. A psychiatrist’s salary is definitely higher than that of a psychologist because of the difference in treatment procedures and schooling adopted by both. A psychiatrist can earn anywhere between US $50,000 – US $100,000. These figures can go up to as high as US $200,000 a year with increased experience. Also, the per hour charges of a psychiatrist differs from and are much higher than that of a psychologist. In a world where everyone is stressed due to work and all of the extra stresses piled upon the working class, depression is something that many psychologists and psychiatrists have to deal with. Using medication as psychiatrists and psychoanalysis as a psychologist, diagnosing depression can be done many ways.

To recognize depression, one can use The Floating Diamond Model, which can be learned in this instructional on diagnosing depression. Though many people struggle with depression, understanding the symptoms can help treat and prevent depression in the future. The best treatment for depression is positivity. Positivity is difficult for people experiencing hardships and is also necessary for people undergoing this stress. To learn more about the psychology of positivity, check out the informational course on positive psychology and learn how to channel your happiness for success and providence. It is hard to drown out the screams of despair in today’s fast-paced and cold-hearted world, but if you can quell the rioting voices of negativity, you can succeed. Dampening the sadness and channeling the happiness will change your life for the better and leave you better able to navigate the bleak and dreary aspects of the world. This psychological outlook will help people battle their internal demons with mental toughness, while psychiatry would seek to medicate you; pointing at chemical imbalances. Both are the case at different times, but understanding people sufficiently will help you determine, correctly, which is which.