English Grammar can confuse the best of us, even native speakers of the language. When native English speakers first learn to speak the language, they often understand how to use the grammatical aspects of the language but wouldn’t be able to tell you why they understand the grammar. For non-natives, there are often many examples of their speech that is incorrect or strange to a native reader. This is especially obvious when talking about tenses, i.e. Present Simple and Present Continuous tenses. Tenses can easily change the pronunciation of words, so you must look out for this in your studies as it can lead to some inconsistencies.
In this article we will discuss the differences between these two tenses and make it so you can understand and identify when to use the correct tenses. In addition to these tenses, there are many more that indicate past happenings, both perfect and non-perfect and tenses to show the future and things that might happen.
This is a great course to introduce yourself to these kinds of things and we recommend that you take this Introduction to English Grammar course to help you understand the article.
Tenses are a source of confusion for many people and it is quite a difficult subject to explain. Tenses depict the way your sentence comes across and as such is very important for accurate communication. More Advanced English Grammar will help you with this and increase your fluency.
Most people generally get mixed up with the two different versions of the present tense. These are the simple present tense and the present continuous tenses.
The rest of this article will show you how to differentiate between the two types of tenses and exactly when to use them, which will help you avoid embarrassment and gives you the ability the express yourself correctly and accurately. Remember, if you are not sure about the tenses involved in a sentence, check up on it using an online course or a book. Grammar is essential to speech and writing and a great portion of your study time should be devoted to learning English Grammar. We find it difficult to grasp the rules of grammar from an English point of view, so we often check whether or not we are correct with this Grammar Boosting course.
The simple present tense
Often, the simple present tense will be used in situations where the tenses are used for main types of action. Habitual actions and state actions that do not change are generally when you use the simple present tense in your writing and speech. An example of a habitual use of the tense would be when something happens weekly or daily, like “Jack Maverick goes to work every day” would be the correct use of the simple present tense. Another could be “Michael Everret plays darts every Thursday.” This tense is also used when you are trying to depict something that happens often or when you try to explain something like “It rarely rains in California”.
More examples of the tense could be “Jackson always watches the Superbowl” and “Jackson spends the thanksgiving holiday with Michael”.
This way, the tense shows things that are indisputable and correct. Mostly, it is used when dealing with real facts.
“Josie lives in the UK.”
“Jack Peachy plays the Guitar.”
“Michaelangelo makes paintings.”
The key thing to remember when using this tense is that beliefs don’t often change, same with facts.
The present continuous tense, then, is generally used to show things like actions that are ongoing. In addition to this it is used to show things that are currently happening but will stop at a given time in the future or even a definite plan for the future with actions in the future that we intend to do soon.
This can get a little confusing so I have created a few example sentences to show you how they work.
“The San Fransisco 49’ers are winning this game of football.”
“Right now, the Ravens are losing this game of football”
“It’s snowing out there in Pittsburgh”
“It might stop raining soon.”
“Mitchell is working in the garage”
“Kleiner is spending Christmas in a new place”
“She’s walking to work”
“He will be found at the bowling alley, with his friends”
“She is playing lacrosse right now in the rain.”
“It is really cold.”
The tense can also be used as a way to say what you are definitely going to be doing in the future like this :
“I’m playing basketball all day tomorrow”
“We have our plan already for tomorrow”
“Nicky is going to the Skrillex gig this evening”
“The Olympics are going to take place in London this year.”
“I am going to buy my raffle tickets”
”I’m having a party next week. “
Using the correct tenses is very important as you can confuse and make people think they are understanding what you say when in reality you are not saying what you want to say. It’s impossible to be an adept communicator or teacher if you mix up your tenses. English Grammar can be very difficult and often you will find that the concrete rules of the language have common exemptions. Take the rule of “I after E except before C”. There are many words that disprove this theory, even though 80% of the time you will find that it holds true. Some of these words are used in day to day language, so make sure you know which these are.
Learning English Grammar And Syntax can take a long time and is difficult to see if you have made an error, as nobody will correct you when you learn by yourself.You can, however, take a course to help yourself learn better. Having someone teach you English will help your understanding greatly, and this is a course directed at those who are not native to the U.K.