Korean Numbers in Hanja, Native Korean, and Sino-Korean

korean numbersWhen you’re learning a new language, learning to count can be one of the more fun, simple exercises in that language’s practices. Anyone who’s learning a second language should know how to count in their native tongue, so learning a new but familiar system can be exciting! But it can also be tough, especially when the language has more than one number system. That’s right! Korean numbers are counted in not one, but two ways: in native Korean, and Sino-Korean, the latter of which contains vocabulary borrowed from or influenced by Chinese characters called hanja.

In this guide, we’ll lay out the laws for both native and Sino-Korean, and show you how to count from 1 to 99, cardinally and ordinally, with tons of  key numbers from 100 and up. Check out this course on the Korean alphabet to help you read the characters in this guide.

Korean Numbers: Cardinal 0-10

Cardinal numbers are used to denote an amount, like one, two, and three. In Korean, this is complicated even more by the use of both the native Korean and Sino-Korean systems. While native Korean numbers are used to track amounts and age, Sino-Korean numbers are used for things like phone numbers, addresses, dates, and money, and for numbers that exceed 100. You’ll see hanja characters pop up on price tags and similar contexts. Check out this introductory Korean language course for more tips.

Hanja

0. 零 or 〇
1. 一
2. 二
3. 三
4. 四
5. 五
6. 六
7. 七
8. 八
9. 九
10. 十

Native Korean

1. 하나 (hana)
2. 둘 (dul)
3. 셋 (set)
4. 넷 (net)
5. 다섯 (daseot)
6. 여섯 (yeoseot)
7. 일곱 (ilgop)
8. 여덟 (yeodeol)
9. 아홉 (ahop)
10. 열 (yeol)

Sino-Korean

1. 일 (il)
2. 이 (i)
3. 삼 (sam)
4. 사 (sa)
5. 오 (o)
6. 육 (yuk)
7. 칠 (chil)
8. 팔 (pal)
9. 구 (gu)
10. 십 (ship)

Korean Numbers: Cardinal 11-20

As you’ll see from the lists below, counting in both native Korean and Sino-Korean from 11 to 20 is as simple as most languages. You simply just the smaller numerals from 1-10 as building blocks for the more complex ones. That is, if we’re using romaja, or Roman letters. The actual Chinese and Korean characters involved are where things get tough. Check out this course on how to teach yourself a foreign language for some pointers.

Hanja

11. 十一
12. 十二
13. 十三
14. 十四
15. 十五
16. 十六
17. 十七
18. 十八
19. 十九
20. 二十

Native Korean

Notice below how a number like 11 is just a combination of 10 and 1: yeol, meaning ten, and hana, meaning one to form yeolhana.

11. 열하나 (yeolhana)
12. 열둘 (yeoldul)
13. 열셋 (yeolset)
14. 열넷 (yeolnet)
15. 열다섯 (yeoldaseot)
16. 열여섯 (yeolyeoseot)
17. 열일곱 (yeolilgop)
18. 열여덟 (yeolyeodeol)
19. 열아홉 (yeolahop)
20. 스물 (seumul)

Sino-Korean

Just like native Korean, notice below how a number like 11 puts together the buildings blocks of 10 and 1 to form itself. Ship meaning ten, and il meaning one, to form shipil, meaning eleven.

11. 십일 (shipil)
12. 십이 (shipi)
13. 십삼 (shipsam)
14. 십사 (shipsa)
15. 십오 (shipo)
16. 십육 (shipnyuk)
17. 십칠 (shipchil)
18. 십팔 (shippal)
19. 십구 (shipgu)
20. 이십 (eeship)

Korean Numbers: Key Cardinals

Below you’ll find some key cardinal Korean numbers above 20. Take note of the way they’re formed from simpler numbers to count the numbers in between. Learn how to improve your memory with this course, and you should be on your way to piecing together Korean numbers with ease.

Hanja

30. 三十
40. 四十
50. 五十
60. 六十
70. 七十
80. 八十
90. 九十
100. 百
200. 二百
300. 三百
1,000. 千
10,000. 萬
1,000,000. 百萬

Native Korean

100. 온 (on)
1,000. 즈믄 (jeumeun)
10,000. 드먼 (deumeon) or 골 (gol)

Sino-Korean

30. 삼십 (samship)
40. 사십 (saship)
50. 오십 (oship)
60. 육십 (yukship)
70. 칠십 (chilship)
80. 팔십 (palship)
90. 구십 (guship)
100. 백 (baek)
200. 이백 (ibaek)
300. 삼백 (sambaek)
1,000. 천 (cheon)
10,000. 만 (man)
1,000,000. 백만 (baekman)

Korean Numbers: Ordinal 0-20

Ordinal numbers are used to denote the order of things, as in first, second, or third. Below is the list of ordinal Korean numbers from 0 to 20. Improve your capacity for memorizing vocabulary with this foreign language memorization course.

0. 영째 (yeongjae) or 제로째 (jerojae)
1st. 첫째 (cheotjae)
2nd. 두째 (dujae)
3rd. 세째 (sejae)
4th. 네째 (nejae)
5th. 다섯째 (daseotjae)
6th. 여섯째 (yeoseotjae)
7th. 일곱째 (ilgopjae)
8th. 여덟째 (yeodeoljae)
9th. 아홉째 (ahopjae)
10th. 열째 (yeoljae)
11th. 열한째 (yeolhanjae)
12th. 열두째 (yeoldujae)
13th. 열세째 (yeolsejae)
14th. 열네째 (yeolnejae)
15th. 열다섯째 (yeoldaseotjae)
16th. 열여섯째 (yeolyeoseotjae)
17th. 열일곱째 (yeolilgopjae)
18th. 열여덟째 (yeolyeodeoljae)
19th. 열아홉째 (yeolahopjae)
20th. 스무째 (seumujae)

Korean Numbers: Financial Differentiation

To prevent confusion, there is a different set of Korean numbers in hanja for financial purposes. See the list below.

1. 壹
2. 貳
3. 參
4. 肆
5. 伍
6. 陸
7. 柒
8. 捌
9. 玖
10. 拾
100. 佰
1,000. 仟

Ready to learn more Korean? You can use this guide on Korean vocabulary and this guide on useful Korean phrases to improve your Korean language skills today. Nothing beats going to the country whose language you’re studying. Check out this travel hacking course for some vital tips and tricks for getting around the globe.