Complimenti! It looks like you are ready to take your Italian skills to the next level! Learning a new language can be one of the toughest things to master, especially as you get older. So for coming this far with Italian, you definitely deserve a pat on the back (or a cannoli) – whichever you prefer. Now that you have reached the point of speaking full sentences, you are ready to become more fluid in your Italian conversational skills. Today, we are going to look at some basic sentences that you can say in Italian when you are beginning to get familiar with the language.
Italian Sentence Structure
Before we get into showing you some examples of Italian sentences, let’s first take a look at the general sentence structure that you can look to adhere to when you are speaking, or creating, sentences in Italian. Here is the structure of a basic Italian sentence:
- Subject + Verb + Object
- Subject (whom or whatever the sentence is about)
- Verb (the action that is taking place within the sentence)
- Object (not the subject of the sentence)
- Dewey ha paura. – Dewey has fear.
- Ho una mela. – I have a pizza.
- Lo parlo Inglese – I speak English.
Things to keep in mind:
- Prepositions are used in a large variety of ways in Italian because prepositional phrases come already put together, or, they are already paired off with certain verbs.
- Pronouns, whether they are direct or indirect, can appear at the beginning of Italian sentences, or, they can attach themselves on the end of verbs.
- Some Italian adjectives go before what they are describing, but the majority of adjectives in Italian go after what they describe.
Without further ado, let’s get into the sentences! One of the most important things that you are going to want to know how to do when speaking to others in Italian is to describe yourself and anyone else around you. It is important that they know what you are all about!
My name is Florence.— Il mio nome e’ Florence.
I am 28 years old. – Lo ho 28 anni
I am English.— Lo sono inglese.
I live in California— Lo vivo a California.
I have two sisters.— Lo ho due sorelle.
I have a brother.— Lo ho fratelli.
She is older than me.— Ella e’ piu’ vecchia di me.
Her name is Penelope.— Il suo nome e’ Penelope.
She is 8 years old.— Ella ha 8 anni.
I would like to be a writer.— Mi piacerebbe fare scrittore.
My birthday is November 20th.— Il mio compleanno e’ il 20 novembre.
I was born in 1969.— Lo sono nato nel mille-novecento-sassanta-nove.
My father is a teacher.— Mio padre e’ un insegnante.
Once you learn a new language, it is likely that you are going to be introduced, or have the opportunity to introduce yourself, to some wonderful new people. Here are some sentences to help you do that in Italian!
How are you?— Come stai (sta)?
What is your name?— Come ti chiami (si chiama)?
How old are you?— Quanti anni hai (ha)?
Where are you from?— Da dove vieni(e)?
Where do you live?— Dove abiti(a)?
What is your address?— Qual’e’ il tuo (suo) indirizzo?
What is your telephone number?— Qual’e’ il tuo (suo) numero di telefono?
Is this your first visit to the USA?— E’ la prima volta che visiti(a) gli Stati Uniti?
If You Need Help
Of course, if you happen to be traveling to Italy from another country, you never want to be caught in an unfortunately situation. However, it is always better safe than sorry. Here are some useful Italian sentences that can get you some much needed help during your time of need:
I’ve lost my passport.— Ho perso il mio passaporto.
You must go to the police station.— Deve andare al commissariato.
Is there a police station near here? – C’e’ un commissariato qui vicino?
My watch has been stolen.— Mi hanno rubato l’orologio.
I think I put my wallet on the counter.— Penso di aver messo il mio portafoglo sul bancone.
Can I have your name and address, please.— Per favore, mi dice il suo nome ed indirizzo?
Where have you looked for it?— Dove l’ha cercato?
There has been a accident.— C’e’ stato un incidente.
We must call the police.— Dobbiamo chiamare la polizia.
We must phone for an ambulance.— Dobbiamo telefonare per un’ambulanza.
In A Restaurant / Food
Chances are you are going to want to practice you new language in a restaurant setting or at a dinner party. What better way to apply your new Italian skills while practicing in a setting where everyone is feeling nice and jolly?
Do you have a table?— Ha un tavolo?
I have a table reserved in the name Jim.— Ho prenotato un tavolo a nome di Jim.
I would like to see the menu, please.— Vorrei vedere il menu, per favore.
I would like to order now.— Vorrei ordinare ora.
To start, I would like the prawn/shrimp.– Vorrei degli scampi/gamberetti come antipasto.
For the main course, I would like pasta.— Vorrei una pizza.
For dessert, I’ll have ice cream.— Gelato per dessert.
To drink, I would like some white wine.— Vorrei del vino bianco.
Posso avere il conto, per favore?— Could I have the bill, please.
Ti piace la cucina italiana?— Do you like Italian food?
Mi piace molto la cucina italiana.— I like Italian food very much
Preferisci il vino bianco o il vino rosso?— Do you prefer white wine or red wine?
Hai fame? / Io ho fame!— Are you hungry? I’m hungry!
E’ molto delizioso— It is s very delicious.
Questi spaghetti sono molto buoni— This spaghetti is very good.
Puoi passarmi il sale, per favore?— Can you pass me the salt, please?
Vuoi altro da mangiare/Vuoi mangiare altro?– Would you like some more to eat?
Now that you can speak full sentences of Italian, it is time to put your new language skill to good use! Be sure to check out Udemy’s helpful online courses in all things Italian in case you need to brush up on any relevant skills!