Biology is all about studying life and living organisms. We’re living organisms and we eat living organisms, so you could probably guess that it has something to tell use about what’s going on all around – and inside – us. But how important is biology to our everyday routines, exactly?
You’re about to find out, because we’re going to dish some details on how the many branches of biology apply specifically to where you live, what you eat, and the things you do. Plus, you can get a fantastic introduction to the science by taking this course. Or just read through this blog post on common biology vocab to help you with some of the lingo we’re about to hit you with.
Understanding Our Bodies
From genetics to physiology, the many branches of biology have much to tell us about what the human body is made up of, how it works, and how it’s affected by what we eat, the air we breath, and every other aspect of the world around us. It can help us prevent, cure, and even eliminate disease. It can even teach us to become stronger and faster or lose weight.
Biology as a whole is one of the cornerstones of all forms of modern healthcare. The field known as pharmacology is literally medicine. It deals with researching and creating everything from over-the-counter pain relievers to prescription drugs for depression.
Immunology studies our immune system and how it reacts to all sorts of different threats. Pathology diagnoses diseases and what causes them, as well as what they do to the body. Virology does the same for the many different viruses that may seek to do us harm.
Don’t even get us started on biology’s role in the study of genetics and DNA. Scientists are now able to pinpoint exactly where certain predispositions to certain diseases exists without our biological makeup, how they’re passed from generation to generation, and even working on breakthroughs to remove undesirable traits from people on a molecular level. It’s absolutely fascinating to think of the endless possibilities that biology is gradually opening the door for when it comes to our health.
By knowing how our body works and what it reacts positively to, nutritionists are able to devise the perfect diet for our needs – whether that be losing weight or gaining it, fueling heavy exercise or just an office job. It’s all about proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and other key nutrients, how our body breaks them down, and where they fit into the equation of our overall health. This is the main concern of biochemistry.
For instance, we’re aware that sugar provides an energy spike but leads to a rough crash afterwards because of the way our body digests it and turns it into something we can use. We also know it can create unwanted fat deposits and do some bad things to our teeth. These are all things dealt with by nutritional biology.
When you make the decision to “eat healthier” you’re actually putting aspects of biology to work without even knowing it.
Next time you watch sports, remember that you’re seeing biology’s influence in action. The athletes competing are capable of such amazing feats of speed and strength partially because of our understanding the human body through anatomy and other branches of biology. Scientists have used this knowledge to create the methods of training that help propel our sports stars to incredible heights.
And it goes beyond lifting weights to build muscle or running to develop endurance. Physiologists get into the nitty gritty about how and why our muscles react to stress. They discover what causes us to become dehydrated. Or what provides us with the energy to run marathons or dunk a basketball.
On the surface, you might just think you run out of breath when you run too far. But for exercise physiologists, they’re not content with such a basic explanation. They’ve dug deep to realize exactly how our body uses oxygen and the complex series of reactions that make us tired. To learn more about the science of exercise, you’ll want to take a look at this well-reviewed course.
Understanding Our Environment
Humans aren’t the only living things biology is concerned with. It also tells us all about plants and animals – how they live, what they’re made up of, and how they interact with mankind and each other. This enables us to make the most of our planet’s natural resources while trying to minimize the impact we have on the environment.
By understanding how nature really works and what allows it to flourish, we’re able to pinpoint what ways we might cause harm to it and look for more environmentally friendly menthods of doing things. Ecology, for example, studies the relationship between animals, plants, and the environment, helping us understand how the things humans and other animals do can hurt or help Mother Nature.
Conservation biology measures extinction rates and analyzes how each species fits within the ecosystem to identify which animals are crucial to maintaining balance. But evolutionary biology also helps us understand how things have evolved over time and that not every species can survive for the long haul.
Scientists are even working with economists to determine natural capital, or the economic value of our environment and wildlife to make things more tangible to businessmen and world leaders. We rely so heavily on all the things we get from the environment – food, oxygen, shelter, fuel – that it only makes sense to get a better understanding of how to keep it thriving
If you’d like to do your part to help the environment, give this course on growing your own permaculture garden a try.
Using Natural Resources
A huge part of maintaining our environment is finding the best ways to harness the Earth’s natural resources in ways that are safe, efficient, and don’t cause too much damage to nature. This includes everything from drilling oil to chopping down trees.
The great things about trees and other renewable resources is the fact that they can grow back or replenish themselves naturally over time. But not if they’re cut, burned, or mined too quickly and aggressively. Biology helps us find a balance between taking advantage of the tools we have while not destroying those same tools for future generations.
Through studying the best ways to fuel our needs for energy and materials, we’re also able to find ways to make the most out of what we have and even find alternatives that work just as well. For example, using corn to create ethanol fuel as a potential replacement or supplement to the oil we currently use to power our cars.
Plants are living organisms just like the rest of us, meaning biology takes an interest in them too. Agrobiology deals specifically with determining the best soil conditions to deliver nutrients to plants to make them grow big and strong. This can have a significant impact on a farmer’s crop yields.
Botany, the branch of biology that deals with the study of plants, is how we know what plants we can eat in the first place. Unless you want to go around tasting every berry and fruit you come across to see which ones are good to eat, we’d recommend relying on our biology experts to tell us what’s what. The science also plays a huge role in raising livestock like cows and chickens. By utilizing some of that nutrition we talked about earlier and applying it to farm animals, we’re able to get them nice and big so they provide plenty of meat and fertilizer.
Fishing, too. There’s marine biology and freshwater biology, among others, to teach us what fish are where and how good they are to eat. There’s even a field of biology dedicated to just studying fish, but we won’t make you try to pronounce that one. And sure, our ancestors were catching fish long before they understood the intricacies of science but that doesn’t mean we don’t benefit greatly from it with more efficient fishing methods, bigger hauls, and even fish farming.
It’s Literally Everywhere
The information biology has taught us is present in everything we know. Look in the mirror. Your ability to identify the parts of your face can be credited to anatomy. What you eat for lunch was influenced by biology and put on your plate with the help of biology .
The medication or vitamins you take daily, your exercise routine – it all comes back to that fundamental science we’ve been telling you about. Pay attention to all the things you do today and see if you can point out their connection to biology. And if you want to connect it to your business by embracing the growing biotechnology industry, this course will show you how.