How to Make Filter Coffee: Beans, Coarseness and Filters at Home

how to make filter coffeeCoffee is one of those things, if you like it – you probably have a hard time starting your morning without it. For the non-coffee drinkers out there, it’s certainly an acquired taste and it’s one worth working towards. I know that unless I have my morning cup of French press coffee I’m not going to be getting much done. It helps you focus and gives you a little boost of energy. Some argue tea does the same thing, and I suppose it does, but nothing can beat the enchanting smell and rich flavor of a good home brewed cup of joe.

The most popular method of home brewing is to make drip coffee with the use of a filter. The French press method is slightly more work but also well worth it. Additionally, some who brew coffee from home use filters to brew cold coffee. Don’t say no before you try it, it’s delicious for iced coffee and for making iced espresso drinks – depending on the type of bean and how long it sits for. Learn everything you ever wanted to know about coffee in this coffee crash course.

Filter Drip Coffee

The key for excellent home brewed drip coffee – wait, let me explain “drip” coffee. If you ever go to a coffee store, say Starbucks, and ask for a cup of coffee they will likely tell whoever is in charge of making drinks to make a “drip”. The term drip is used because the coffee drips through the filter and into the coffee pot. Pretty easy stuff. Okay, so the key to making excellent home brewed drip coffee is the kind of bean you use, the coarseness of the ground and the amount of coffee used.

  • Type of Bean

A dark coffee beans display a lot of visible oils, this is typical of your dark roast and espresso roast blends. The oil is rich with anti-oxidants and attributes a lot of the flavor to the darker roasted blends. The oil simply means the beans were roasted longer than their less oily counterparts which eliminates lower viscosity oils and gives rise to the higher viscosity oils. However, because of the long roast, darker coffees actually have less caffeine than lighter roasts. I know this seems counter-intuitive as most coffee drinkers assume the opposite. Lighter blends still contain oil, however the oils are “lighter” and are not as visible since they are contained inside. These blends are roasted for shorter periods of times giving them more caffeine. Lighter blends typically stale slower than darker roasts. Just a word to the wise. LEarn how to make some stellar espresso drinks in this course on espresso coffee maker secrets.

  • Coarseness

Most coffee drinkers buy pre-ground beans – and that’s fine. But even then, with finer coffees, you have the option to get beans ground finely or coarsely. For drip coffee using a standard paper filter a medium grind will suffice. For French press or espresso blends you would want a coarse grind. For something like Turkish coffee, a really fine grind is needed. The coarseness of the grind determines how fast the water goes through the coffee and thus how much flavor is ultimately retained.

  • How Much Coffee

This is up for debate. A store-bought bag of ground coffee will suggest approximately one tablespoon per six ounces. For me, this just isn’t enough. I use about 3 tablespoons per 10oz of water (I like a husky cup of coffee in the morning!). Play around with how much you use in proportion to how much water you use and you’ll end up finding the perfect combination for your taste buds. A great alternative to coffee that contains natural caffine (actually called theobromine) is Crio Bru. It’s the consistency of rice milk with a light flavor of chocolate. Yeah, sounds good right? Also check out some healthy raw cacoa drinks to try.

  • Filters

The standard white paper filters work find for any drip coffee brewed at home. However, many coffee connoisseurs explain that the nice oils from the beans get absorbed into the paper filter instead of going into your coffee. It’s true, but it only matters if you care. Mesh (non-disposable) filters come standard in some pots and these are certainly my preference. You can also buy cloth filters which will last approximately 3-6 months. They are made out of hemp, cotton or muslin. And if you want to go all out – you can get one of these 23K gold filters that some coffee junkies are sporting. IF you don’t have a filter, you can MacGyver it and use paper towels – although this isn’t totally recommended (I would be lying if I said I haven’t tried it, though).

How to Make a Cup of Coffee with a Filter

  1. Assuming you have a coffee maker, fill the coffee pot with warm water to your desired amount. Most coffee pots have markings that indicate “1 cup”, “3 cups”, “5 cups” and so on.
  2. On the top of your coffee maker there should be a flap that lifts up to expose a water reservoir. Pour the water in there.
  3. Make sure there is a filter in your filter holder. This usually swings out from above where the coffee pot sits.
  4. Grind your coffee beans, or measure out your already ground coffee according to taste. Start off with the recommended amount and work your way up (or down). Pour the grounds into the filter.
  5. Replace the coffee pot under the filter and push the start button.

That’s it! It really is that simple. For other ways on how to brew coffee with a filter, and without read three ways to make coffee.  For all of you coffee addicts out there, sleep may be calling. Learn the trick to natural energy through a good nights rest in the course Sleep Mastery