Facts About Canada: Beyond Maple Syrup and Moose

facts about CanadaDo you think of Canada as a frozen span of wilderness with a few Mounties, maple syrup and moose? Like many nations of the world, Canada is often at the receiving end of gross stereotyping. Beyond the funny accent, however, there are few better places to live on earth. As a matter of fact, Canada has been rated as having the highest quality of life consistently. Here are a few facts about Canada that will make you want live and even do business in Canada. Speaking of which, here is a course called Canadian Investments that Return Over 10% Consistently  that could help you get a return on your investments in no time. 

The World’s 2nd Largest Country

The second largest country in the world by total area, Canada shares a common border with the USA in the longest land border of the world by the same 2 countries. It is a country that consists of three territories and ten provinces. Located in the northern part of the continent, Canada extends northward towards the Arctic Ocean from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Various aboriginal people had been Canada’s inhabitants for millennia. On the Atlantic Coast of the region, various French and British colonies were established starting the late fifteenth century.

Not a Melting Pot

As opposed to the ideology of a melting pot, Canadian multiculturalism was recognized officially with the Multiculturalism Act of 1988. In Canada the largest ethnic groups are Scandinavian, Portuguese, West Indian, Jewish, South Asian, Chinese, Polish, Dutch, Ukrainian, Italian, German, French and British, not in that order. Majority of Canadians are Roman Catholic Christians. Other religions include Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Judaism and Protestantism. At the federal level, the country is officially bilingual. It is also one of the world’s most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, the product of immigration from many countries at a large scale.

Quebec is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

There is a special feature that Quebec has making it unique in both Canada and the United States: it is walled.  Yes, you read that right. The city of Quebec is the only city north of the Mexican border that walls known as the Fortifications of Quebec. These fortifications were first built by the French then the English in the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, respectively. The entire historic district including the ramparts of Quebec has been declared by UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site.  When in Quebec, knowing a few French phrases may get you everywhere. Here is an article called Learning French Online: Speaking, Reading and Vocabulary that comes in handy around these parts.

Brrrrr

Have you ever had to wear a thermal nose warmer to chip your car out of an ice block first thing in the morning before work? If you have, you must be Canadian. In the winter, Canada can get pretty cold. That is putting it mildly. The average month’s low is 6.1 degrees Fahrenheit. However, one 1947 recorded temperature in Snag, Yukon makes the winter weather of Canada seem like a vacation at the beach. The recorded temperature at that time was negative 81.4 degrees Fahrenheit. That’s right. Negative. This is roughly the same temperature as Mars’ surface.

Northernmost Inhabitants

At Ellesmere Island’s northernmost tip, just eight hundred and seventeen kilometers from the North Pole, you will find Alert, Nunavut, which happens to be the world’s northernmost permanent inhabited location. It may not have movie theaters or malls but this location happens to be temporary housing to scientific and military personnel that work in the area. Once you see how cold this place gets, the fact that the inhabitants live in temporary homes in a place called Alert will start to make sense. The coldest month is January with temperatures plunging all the way down to negative 26 degrees Fahrenheit.  July is the warmest month with an average balmy temperature of 38.1 degrees Fahrenheit.

Canada has Bigger Parks than Some Countries

Canada is so vast that even the parks are bigger than some countries. In the Northwest Territories, Nahanni National Park Reserve has massive waterfalls and is a sight to behold.  It is also, incredibly, 30,050 square kilometers, making this park bigger than Israel and Albania. In Alberta, Wood Buffalo National Park is even bigger at 44,807 square kilometers which makes it bigger than Switzerland and Denmark.

High Living Standards

Some of the highest living standards in the world can be found in Canada. Almost every household has one car, one out of five have computers and almost everyone has a color TV. With the exception of dental services, every Canadian citizen has free access to health care. There is a social safety network that is pretty extensive and includes welfare, unemployment insurance, family allowance and old age pensions. Speaking of insurance, here is a course called Commercial Property and Casualty Insurance that is specific for property located in Canada. Most seniors aged sixty-five and over get free prescriptions.  In Canada, popular sports include golf, soccer, basketball, tennis, swimming, ice hockey, baseball, alpine skiing and cross-country skiing. Most folks in the area would say that the more preferred spectator sports are Canadian Football and ice hockey.

Among the World’s Wealthiest

Canada has one of the largest and most advanced economies of the world. The country chiefly relies on its well-developed trade networks and abundant natural resources. It longstanding relationship with the United States has had a big impact on its culture and economy. Being a developed country, it is also one of the world’s wealthiest, with a global per capita income of being the 8th highest.  In terms of international measurements, it ranks among the highest in terms of economic freedom, quality of life, civil liberty, government transparency and education.

Just like the American dollar, the Canadian dollar is divided into one hundred cents with coins representing both the one and two dollar amounts. The one dollar coin is nicknamed the ‘loonie’ because it has a loon, while the two dollar coin is nicknamed a ‘twonie,’ probably because it rhymes with ‘loonie.’ Here is a course called Preparing Canadian Income Tax Returns that will provide you with real life examples and practical instructions on how to prepare the T1 tax return forms of Canada.  With just this one course, you will be able to handle things each time tax season comes around the corner.

The primary natural resources are water, zinc along with wood, uranium, potash, nickel, iron ore, copper, coal, gold, oil and natural gas. The leading imported products are food, manufactured products, textiles, wool, cotton, plastic, chemicals, precious metals, steel, iron and metal ores. Also imported are automobile parts, vehicle parts, electronic equipment and communications.  The leading exported products include forest farm products, metals, natural gas, oil, high technology products, machinery, equipment, automobile parts and automobile vehicles. The leading industries include forestry and agriculture, fossil fuel extraction, mining, equipment and machinery manufacturing, steel work, iron, paper and pulp as well as automobile manufacturing.

Size Matters

There is a lot of abundance in Canada like parkas, hockey players and Tim Horton franchises. What most folks don’t know is that this country has more lake area than any other world country. That’s right. As a matter of fact, Canada has 563 lakes bigger than a hundred square kilometers.  Plus, being the second largest country, in the world, Canada has a land mass of 9,970,610 square kilometers.  If you’ve ever had someone inquire if you knew Francois from St. John’s when you told them you were from Toronto, you know that it is a little known secret that this country is, in a word, vast. To put the size into perspective, Canada is 15 times bigger than France and 33 times bigger than Italy, making it bigger than the entire European Union. It is 5 times as big as Mexico and 30% bigger than Australia.  It is also 3 times as big as India. In short, you don’t know Francois.

Six Time Zones

The capital of Canada is Ottawa, which is located in Ontario. There are over a hundred historic sites, national parks and Mountain Ranges in Canada which include the Pelly Mountains, Mt. St. Elias, Mackenzie, Costal, Rocky, Laurentians, Appalachians and Torngats.  The tallest peak in Canada is Mount Logan in the Yukon which reaches heights of 6,050 meters above sea level. With an area of 31,326 square kilometers, Great Bear Lake is Canada’s largest lake. There are six time zones in this country with the farthest west being in the Pacific at 8 hours behind the Greenwich Mean Time or GMT and the NFLD time zone being three-and-a-half hours past GMT.

Did You Know?

In the year 1535, Quebec City indigenous inhabitants used the word Kanata that means ‘settlement’ or ‘village’ to direct Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, the Stadacona village. Later, Cartier used the same term to refer not just to that specific village but to the entire area. Later, maps and books from Europe started referring to this location as Canada. In 1867 upon Confederation, the new country’s legal name became Canada and the country’s title was the word “Dominion.”  Later, as Canada became politically autonomous from the United Kingdom, the federal government simply used the term Canada on state treaties and documents. This development was apparent when in 1982 Dominion Day was changed to Canada Day as the national holiday.

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