Effective Classroom Management: How to Maintain Discipline In A Classroom
When you initially walk into a classroom, you do not access its effectiveness based on the students’ grades, writing skills, or state test scores. Instead, you look to see how effective the classroom management is. Such as how well the students conduct themselves, how well they can work collaboratively with each other, and how effective the teacher’s discipline is on them.
All of these factors are a result of effective classroom management, and every great teacher will tell you that you must first learn how to maintain classroom discipline before honing in on students’ academic goals and needs. After all, how can you effectively teach and learn in an ineffective environment?
If you are a teacher, or in charge of a group of students, let’s take a look at ways to manage a classroom effectively and some helpful techniques that are going to come in handy if you are faced with managing your own classroom.
Importance of Classroom Management
First off, why is classroom management important?
- It engages students: Students who are engaged in lessons and the learning material will be able to register the information better and be able to apply their knowledge when it comes to test taking.
- It keeps students prepared: When teachers and students are prepared to learn, lessons and learning will be easier to be administered and the results will be more effective.
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- It boosts confidence: In an effective classroom, teachers are able to give more attention to each student and structure lesson plans to meet certain needs. All of these factors will help in boosting the confidence of students.
How to Manage a Classroom Effectively
Effective classroom management means to implement and maintain classroom discipline in an effective manner. Let’s take a look at what you can do as a teacher or leader to help maintain discipline and management in your classroom.
- Have rules: It is important to have a basic set of rules for students to follow. These regulations will help maintain classroom management and discipline. These rules do not have to be anything advanced; they can be as simple as making sure that all students adhere to timely attendance and making sure that everyone knows the consequences of missing or late assignments.
- Have expectations: If your students know what you want from them, they are more likely to exhibit the type of behavior you want. Start out the day with explaining what you expect from your students and how they are expected to behave. Be detailed and positive.
- Make students aware of the rules: Every school has its own disciplinary rules that students should be expected to flow. Make sure that your students are aware of the rules and the consequences if the rules are not adhered to.
- Make the rules known to parents as well: Student’s parents should also be aware of the management techniques that you are implementing in the classroom. You should ask parents to go over these rules with the students at home so that everyone is on the same page, and so that students know that their parents expect this behavior from them as well.
- Review rules regularly: The thing with children is that you need to be consistent. Remind your students regularly about the rules and expectations for their behavior to aid in proper classroom management. Ask them if they have any questions and allow them to voice their opinions.
- Be firm and consistent: When you make your rules to manage your classroom, make sure that they are realistic and void of any inconsistencies. Approach the rules in a positive manner so that students do not associate any negativity with it. Feel free to reward students for their positive behavior when you see that they are contributing to effective classroom management.
- Be professional: An effectively managed classroom is conducted with professionalism and adequate structure. Students who are presented with a good authority figure who has a plan and follows it will fit in to the structure nicely.
- Have a printed packet: In case you are unable to attend class one day, make sure that you have a printed packet of your classroom management techniques handy for a substitute. Your classroom should be aware that, even in your absence, they should still be able to manage themselves wisely and that all rules still apply. If students show structure and compliance in your absence, it will make both you and your classroom look well-managed and efficient.
- Deal with troublemakers: No matter how great your plan or classroom management techniques are, there are always going to be students that want to disrupt your class or not follow rules. Speak with these students early on and discuss plans of action with higher authority, such as school administrators or principals. Early detection and dealing with these types of students will make the rest of the classroom know that you mean business.
Classroom Management Techniques
Now, let’s take a look at some classroom management techniques that are going to make the overall process much easier for you.
- Keep the class interested: Students who are interested in the material that what is going on in the class will be less likely to cause any disruption, as their attention will be focused on their lesson.
- Practice fairness: If you have kids, you would know that they have a tendency to get jealous very easily. Also, they can easily detect when injustices are occurring. As a teacher, you need to be fair and make sure that you keep your word and follow up with anything you commit to. Also remember to never play favorites in a classroom.
- Practice humor: Creating a positive environment where there is laughter and happiness is key into keep students interested and engaged in their work, and more likely to comply with any rules.
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- Do not threaten: Threatening students can weaken a teacher’s credibility in a classroom. Be careful when you use threats, if any. Instead, try to practice positive reinforcement.
- Lead by example: If one of your rules is to have students show up to class on time every day, make sure that you practice those same rules yourself. If you are late, then you risk setting a bad example for your students.
- Do not get angry: If you have a temper, leave it at the door. Teachers who lose their temper will eventually lose their credibility in the classroom and create an unfavorable learning environment for their students.
- Give students opportunities: Giving students the reigns with certain things in the classroom will make them feel trusted and responsible. By showing students that you have confidence in their abilities, they will feel like the overall management and flow of the classroom is up to them to uphold as well.
- Do not humiliate: Humiliating students will only cause teachers to lose their authority in the classroom and contribute to psychological damage in children, as well as fear and resentment.
- Be alert: Teachers who are always aware of what is going on in their classroom are less likely to have a controlled and managed class. Be sure to move around your class often and take time to interact with each student.
Happy Students = Effective Classroom
Classroom management is essential, not only for a teacher’s peace of mind and in allowing them proper control over their classroom, but it is imperative for a positive and flourishing learning environment for students.