Contrary to popular belief, nurses work in a wide variety of medical settings, treating a range of different ailments. Some specialize in certain bodily areas, while others provide a more general method of treatment. In the list below, we will discuss thirty different types of nurses and what each specific type is responsible for.
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Now onto the types:
1. Agency Nurse
Agency Nurses, as opposed to traditional nurses, work on an availability basis, announcing the hours in which they will be able to work and signing up for shifts that fit within those ranges. Since they work for an agency, rather than a specific hospital, their jobs often shift from place to place.
2. Ambulatory Care
Ambulatory Care Nurses take care of temporary patients who reside in hospitals for twenty-four hours or less. Since the patients who fit this description vary quite a bit, these types of nurses work with a number of different injuries and illnesses, rather than specializing in one region.
3. Nurse Anesthetists
Nurse Anesthetists assists doctors in a wide variety of settings, including the hospital room, surgery room, and dentist’s office. They provide the anesthesia to relieve or prevent the patient from feeling pain from the impending procedure.
4. Cardiac Care Nurse
Cardiac Care Nurses work with many staff members, including various types of doctors, to monitor and regulate functions of the heart in patients. Cardiac patients often come in for one of quite a few different issues, ranging from less severe chest pain to the extremely severe heart attack.
5. Case Management
Case Management Nurses focus more on the research aspect of healthcare, seeking to find the most efficient treatment process for patients. They work in labs and hospitals with a group of patients, analyzing and assessing conditions, as well as testing potential treatment methods.
6. Critical Care Nurse
Critical Care Nurses care for patients who are knocking on death’s door. These patients need immediate care and, if it is not provided, could result in fatal consequences.
7. Emergency Nurse
Emergency Nurses work in the Emergency Room and treat patients who arrive at the hospital in critical condition. The environment tends to be quite a bit hectic, filled with doctors and nurses rushing from room to room in an attempt to make sure no one passes on their watch.
8. Forensic Nurse
Forensic Nurses work with patients who have been involved and injured in violent crimes. They collect evidence regarding the misdemeanor and pass the information on to the police. In addition to this, Forensic Nurses also often work in the prison system.
9. Gastroenterology Nurse
Gastroenterology Nurses treat patients with potentially detrimental gastrointestinal issues who require assistance in eliminating these problems. They work in a range of medical settings, including physician offices, inpatient and outpatient departments, and inpatient hospital units.
10. Geriatric Nurse
Geriatric Nurses take care of the elderly in nursing homes, hospitals, or at the patient’s home. This particular type is very taxing on nurses since the elderly tend to become ill very often and rely on the nurses to help them meet all of their basic needs.
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11. Holistic Nurse
Holistic Nurses work with patients to provide care for the entirety of the patient, including both mind and body. They use therapeutic methods to improve the patient’s connection with emotions, spirit, interpersonal relationships, and surrounding environment.
12. HIV/AIDS Nurse
HIV/AIDS Nurses care for terminal patients who have been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (more commonly referred to as HIV/AIDS) to lessen the severity of symptoms and help patients cope with the onset of this disease.
13. Nurse Informatics
Nurse Informatics is a field of nursing that heavily involves the use of computers. Nurses in this area create and enhance electronic medical programs to assist doctors and other nurses better treat and care for their patients.
14. Legal Nursing
Legal Nursing is a field of nursing that requires individuals to work with attorneys to assess the medical condition of the person on trial in order to determine whether or not that individual can claim medical negligence.
Midwives are nurses who specify in the area of childbirth, assisting in the delivery process by calming the mother down and physically delivering the infant. They often come to the mother’s home when the labor begins and provide the best ways to deliver that involve the least amount of discomfort.
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16. Military Nurse
Military Nurses work with patients who have been injured on the battlefield, sometimes providing emergency services for those in critical condition and other times simply treating a bullet wound that’s not life threatening. They also work on base camps to treat more mild conditions.
17. Neonatal Nurse
Neonatal Nurses care for newborn infants immediately after birth, checking to that the infant is breathing correctly, as well as a range of other physiological health checks. They typically take care of infants from the time they are born until they leave the hospital.
18. Neuroscience Nurse
Neuroscience Nurses treat patients with a variety of ailments related to the functioning of the nervous system. Diseases that affect or are caused by the dysfunction of the nervous system include epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington’s chorea, and Alzheimer’s disease.
19. Nurse Practitioner
Nurse Practitioners include individuals who have obtained a Master’s degree in nursing and are qualified to prescribe medication and make diagnoses without the assistance of a doctor.
20. Occupational Health
Occupation Health Nursing is the field of nursing that concerns and cares for the employees of the hospital in which they work. They treat doctors and nurses who have become ill from the patients or other means.
21. Oncology Nurse
Oncology Nurses work with cancer patients to provide treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy in an attempt to diminish or eliminate the cancerous cells. They also provide relief and assistance to those who have been terminally diagnosed.
22. Pediatric Nurse
Pediatric Nurses work with children and treat almost anything that a child has contracted, whether it be the common cold or the chicken pox. They practice in hospitals, clinics, schools, and in the home.
23. Psychiatric Nurse
Psychiatric Nurses care for and treat patients who have been diagnosed with a mental illness. The illnesses range from mildly disruptive, such as mild depression, to life altering, such as schizophrenia. These nurses can be found in hospitals and mental institutions.
24. Research Nurse
Research Nurses work in the lab to develop treatments and drugs to cure certain illnesses or improve overall quality of life. They often work in a specialized area, researching and coming up with new ideas of treatment methods for patients in their field of interest.
25. Transplant Nurse
Transplant Nurses assist in procedures in which an infected organ is to be replaced with a donated healthy organ of the same kind. A few examples of organs that are frequently transplanted include the liver, kidney, pancreas, small bowel, heart, and lungs.
26. School Nursing
School Nursing is a field of nursing that takes place inside the walls of a school. They treat a variety of students in different age ranges regarding issues that occurred within the school, such as gym injuries, and outside of the school that could potentially affect the other children, such as the flu.
27. Trauma Nurse
Trauma Nurses work with patients in critical condition who require immediate treatment. They can often be found in the emergency room since they assist in treating trauma caused by such incidences as a car accident, gun shot wound, stabbing, or assault.
28. Travel Nursing
Travel Nurses are very similar to agency nurses in that they spend their days in different hospitals and work for a company, rather than a location. However, the way in which they differ is that Travel Nurses move from hospital to hospital around the country rather than only staying local.
Urology Nurses treat patients in areas related to oncology, male infertility, male sexual function, kidney stones, incontinence, and pediatrics.
30. Woman’s Health
Woman’s Health Nurses assist in gynecological visits, ensuring the patient that the procedure remains medical in nature. They also provide check-ups for mammography, reproductive health, and general women’s health.
To learn more about the precautions that these medical professionals need to take to ensure the protection of patients and coworkers alike, take a look at this course on understanding and complying with HIPAA. Also, if you’re curious about the questions you should be asking when you encounter a nurse, check out this blog post on interview questions for healthcare professionals.