data models in dbmsData models in DBMS are systems that help you use and create databases. DBMS actually stands for a database management system. Various DBMS types exist with different speed, flexibilities and implementations. Each type has an advantage over others but there is no one superior kinds. The kind of structure and data you need determines which data model in DBMS suits your needs best. Here is a course entitled Advanced Excel for Professionals that shows you how to use excel for charting, data analysis, data cleaning, MIS Reporting and other time saver tricks.

You can think of a data model as a flowchart of diagram that shows you data relationships. It can be time-intensive to capture all the data in a model but this should not be rushed as it is quite important. Basically, a database management system is a program collection allowing end users to control, maintain or create records in a data base. Primarily, features of DBMS address database creation for record interrogation, queries and data extraction. The difference between an application development environment and a DBMS system ranges from the personnel to the data usage. Here is a course entitled Google Analytics Mastery that shows you the power of analysing data and the resulting sky rocket marketing.

Object Oriented Data Models in DBMS

Compared to other DBMS data models, a database that is object-oriented can hold different data types, such as video, audio or graphics files. These objects consist of the data piece itself and methods, which are the DBMS instructions giving you the details of how an object should be handled. Because of the amount of structure and storage space they require, DBMS of this types tend to cost more to implement. On the other hand, these offer a big advantage over other DBMS types due to the allowable data flexibility. This type of DBMS is able many new types of data including video, audio, photographs and graphics. This type of data represents a significant advance over their other cousins in the database. Network and hierarchical database are all made to handle data that is structured, which is data the nicely fits into columns, rows and fields. These come in handy for handles information in smaller snippets such as zip codes, product numbers, addresses, names and any other number or statistic you can think of. On the other hand, this DBMS can also be utilized for storing data from various sources of media such as text and photographs and produce output work in a format of multimedia.

Relational Data Models in DBMS

This data model type connects the system’s items together using keys. There is a unique key for each record that you use for finding them, which makes them more rapid to use than network or hierarchical DBMS since you don’t have to traverse those structures just to be able to get items found. In another data, these keys are also able to get data linked. In a relational database, you can get entries modified without having its structure redefined as you do with a network or a hierarchical database. DBMS is considered rational, or RDBMS if the relationships in a database are in a ‘table’ form. There are 3 keys on this type of DBMS, including: attributes, domain and relation. There are a few popular RDBMS examples including Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, Informix, Ingress, Sybase and Oracle.

Network Data Models in DBMS

A hierarchical structure is used in a network database in DBMS as well. However, these look more like the web of a spider than anything else, were the items in the center are the roots and the members or the ‘children,’ branch out. Unlike databases that are hierarchical, however, children in a network DBMS can have more than one ‘owner’ or ‘parent.’ When creating this type of data model, you need the structure of a DBMS network defined in advance. However, since this model type allows a lot of connections between items, it is actually has more flexibility than other DBMS types.

In other words, if the relationship that a database’s data has is many-to-many, it is a network DBSM. Mainly, higher level language such as FORTRAN, COBOL, C++ and Pascal were used for implementing set structures and records. The network database is somewhat complicated since the relationships are many to many and one record can be used as the entire database’s key.

Hierarchical Data Models in DBMS

Data models that are hierarchical organize data items into structures that look like trees, where items of data at higher levels exist over items that are a level lower. Items that are related exist on the same level. Items that are a level higher than the current level are items called ‘parents.’ In the same way, ‘children’ is the term used for items on a lower level. ‘Root’ is the term used in the upper most regions. When you traverse a hierarchical model in DBMS, you can begin at the root and branch downwards. You can quickly update the structure of a hierarchical DBMS because of how the items are organized and defined.

A hierarchical DBMS is when the relationships found in the databases’ data are established so that one item of data is present as another’s subordinate, or a sub unit. When two records are consecutively stored, direct relationship exists. In this model, no backwards movement is allowed or possible. Here is a course you might like entitled Microsoft Excel Pivot Tables, which is in-depth Excel training that will teach you how to manipulate your data on Excel using Pivot Tables. For all Excel users, this course is a true essential.

Advantages for the Personnel

Now that you know all the different data models, it is only right that you know the advantages of data models in DBMS. A system of DBMS consists of database administrators and managers that oversee the entire operation of DBMS. Primarily, the duties are making sure primary schedule is run daily, loading program releases and the maintenance of database records. Application development consists of system analysts, computer technicians and programmers with the job of finding errors in the software for testing.

For Records Interrogation

Programs for records interrogation are designed to provide information to the end users through many programs such as general inquiry programs, report generators and Query. The Query program is the most popular one, allowing end users to develop basic skills of programming by constructing simple programs of data using a processor for query language for data extraction. For records interrogation, Query programs happen to be quite powerful. Here is a course you might be interested in entitled The Ultimate Microsoft Access 2013 Training Bundle that shows you how to become an expert data manager and take your skills a level or two higher.

You Can Catalog Programs

In a system of DBMS, end users are able to catalog program favorites to delete, edit or view data. Each of the users is able to copy routines to a catalog file that is user defined for managing databases. The system of catalogs is a personal tool used to run programs by end users without having a specialist of applications design programs for them.

You Can Access Data

Typically, there are centralized databases for DBMS systems. Databases can be accessed by end-users without an application program developer needing to create program access or interruption from a programmer. In the software, the record structures and database are already built in. In this area, the advantage is access to data records and structures. By the way here is an article you might be interested in called RDBMS Concepts: Creating a Database Management System

Featured course

70-462: SQL Server Database Administration (DBA)

Last Updated January 2020

  • 9.5 total hours
  • 96 lectures
  • Beginner Level
4.5 (1,065)

Beginner-Intermediate practical experience in Database Administration (DBA) SQL Server. Good for Microsoft exam 70-462. | By Phillip Burton

Explore Course

Database Management students also learn

Empower your team. Lead the industry.

Get unlimited access to 3,500+ of Udemy’s top courses for your team. Learn and improve skills across business, tech, design, and more.

Request a demo