bootstrap examplesTwitter Bootstrap is a handy tool for web designers that does all of the layout and CSS for your code. All you need to do is plug in the CSS and JS files and add them to your HTML class properties. The plug-in is named “Twitter” Bootstrap, because it was coded by Twitter developers.

Bootstrap Advantages

Some designers might be a bit uneasy adding something with “Twitter” in its name and allowing control of layouts to an external tool. However, Bootstrap is an extremely powerful CSS tool and saves you hours of frustration when you want to save some time on using grids, buttons, lists, and basic show-hide div functions.

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Even if you’re not a web designer, you can incorporate Bootstrap into your code to make web page creation more convenient. Bootstrap is also fully CSS3 compliant, which means you can use media queries to make your web pages responsive. Responsive web design and HTML 5 together allow you to make your web pages better formatted for smaller screens such as tablets and smart phones.

Integrating Bootstrap

The first step is downloading Bootstrap from the official source web page. A zip file is provided that contains the Bootstrap files. You can also link to Bootstrap’s CDN file using the below code:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="//">

Using Bootstrap with Your Web Design

After you incorporate the stylesheet in your code, you can start using the Bootstrap classes. The first step for most designers is a grid system across the page. A grid system sets up the columns on the page. Most web designs are set up with one, two or three columns laid across the page. For instance, you have a left navigation column, a center column for your content and then a right column that contains ads for monetization. Bootstrap has classes for one to twelve columns.

Learn how to work with responsive design and Bootstrap

The following code is an example of a 4 column grid, but notice that one column spans 2 total columns:

<div class="col-md-1">.Column 1</div>
<div class="col-md-2">Column 2 that spans 2 columns</div>
<div>Column 3 </div>

You can also incorporate grids within your grids. The system makes it easy to create any page layout without worrying about CSS.

Bootstrap Buttons

Buttons are a part of almost any web page, and nice buttons add to the overall aesthetics of your pages. Bootstrap includes button classes that include rounded edges and colored backgrounds. There are a number of Bootstrap button classes to take advantage of.  For example, the following code creates a basic button with a transparent background:

<button type="button">Bootstrap button</button>

You can also activate and deactivate (fade) buttons. The following code creates a “primary” button, which is a button that looks clicked on the screen. The second line of code fades the button so it’s “deactivated” to the user.

<button type="button">This button is activated and clicked for the user</button>
<button type="button" disabled="disabled">This button is faded and disabled for the user</button>

Get the inside scoop on the latest Bootstrap 3 changes

Manipulating Images

Bootstrap also lets you work with your image layouts. You can round the image corners or turn your images into round images such as an avatar for a forum user. The following code rounds the corner of a square image:

<img src="" alt="alt image text">

If you want to create an avatar out of an image or create a round image, use the following code:

<img src="" alt="alt image text">

Formatting Forms

Forms are basic HTML elements that let your users submit data to your database. You can also submit information to a contact email, so your users can email you directly from  your site without using an email address.

The HTML and your processing pages take care of your forms, but you can group form elements and make your code a little more organized using Bootstrap. Bootstrap also has classes for each form element such as check boxes, radio buttons, buttons and input text boxes. The following code is an example of a simple form that uses Bootstrap classes:

<form role="form">
<div class="form-group">
<label for="yourlogin">Login Account Name</label>
<input type="email" id=" yourlogin " placeholder="Account Name">
<div class="form-group">
<label for="yourpassword">Enter Your Password</label>
<input type="password" id=" yourpassword " placeholder="Enter your password">
<input type="checkbox"> Remember Me
<button type="submit">Log In</button>

If you notice from the code, Bootstrap has div classes that help you group your form elements. In addition to grouping elements, you also have formatted input text boxes and labels. This is done without ever needing to create CSS code on your own.

Using Tables

While most developers prefer divs, you might have times you want to use an HTML table layout. Tables are useful when you need to alternate colored rows to make long lists of data more easily readable. You can choose the background color you want to use, so Bootstrap works with several different color codes and combinations.

The following code is an example of an HTML table set up using Bootstrap:

<td>This table column contains data with a gray background. </td>
<td class=”warning”>This table column contains data with a red background. </td>

These are just a few examples of what you can do with Bootstrap. If you’re a web designer, you can save hours from design time without worrying about problematic CSS and coding for CSS3 for responsive designs. You still need some kind of design skills to work with what looks good throughout pages, but with a little skill and determination, you can create your own design for your own websites instead of buying templates.

Learn tips and tricks for beginners

If you’re new to design and CSS, Bootstrap can actually help you get started learning the industry and creating great designs that don’t take advanced knowledge.

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