The way you apply your foundation can make or break your entire appearance. It can be perfectly blended for flawless skin, or it can accentuate the flaky, imperfect parts of your face. The color can match your skin or it can make it look as though you are wearing a mask. In order to apply foundation, you’ll need to understand your skin type and how prepare your skin for application so that you can get the best results. Let’s take a look at the best way to apply foundation regardless of whether your skin is dry, oily, or a mixture of the two.
Understanding Your Skin
Not every woman has the same type of skin. You may have normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, combination skin or sensitive skin. What do these all mean?!
- Normal: Your skin is ‘normal’ if you have an even complexion, skin that is not too dry or too oily, and aren’t prone to many breakouts. Keep in mind: if you don’t have ‘normal’ skin, this doesn’t mean that you are abnormal. It’s simply a word used to separate this type of skin from other common skin types.
- Dry: Your skin is dry if your face commonly feels tight and dry, you commonly have flaky skin or you’re prone to wrinkles.
- Oily: You have oily skin if your face tends to get shiny all over, you are prone to breakouts and your pores are noticeable.
- Combination: You have combination type skin if your “t-zone” (nose, forehead and chin) tends to get oily, you tend to only break out on your t-zone and your cheeks stay dry.
- Sensitive: You have sensitive skin if your skin is easily affected by different products – i.e. breaks out after using a particular moisturizer or becomes red and itchy after applying makeup.
Choosing a Foundation
Now that you’re more familiar with your skin type, how do you go about choosing a foundation? It can be daunting staring at the wall of foundations at a drugstore. Do you want a powder, a liquid, or a mousse? Are you an ivory or a beige? Many department stores and stores that specialize in makeup will have people there to help guide you, but if you want to save a bit of money you’ll have to figure it out yourself. If you have dry skin and you choose a powder foundation, you’ll only accentuate the dry parts of your face. If you have oily skin and you choose a liquid foundation, your makeup may not last throughout the day. So what do you do?
- If you have oily skin, you’re better off using a powder foundation. It’ll provide even coverage without caking your face in makeup, and it helps to absorb excess oils in the skin.
- If you have dry skin, choose a cream or mousse foundation. It provides an even, dewy finish, allowing your skin to appear less dry than it is naturally. It helps to cover imperfections and offers a bit of moisture. If you don’t want such a heavy coverage, why not try a tinted moisturizer instead? Your face will drink up the moisture and the foundation will provide only a hint of color.
- If you have normal or combination skin, a liquid foundation is your best bet. You can choose one with a matte, satin or dewy finish depending on what you want the final outcome to be. There are plenty of different options, so take a look at each before making a final decision.
- For those of you with sensitive skin, make sure you choose a foundation with a short list of ingredients. You don’t want any chemicals or perfumes that can irritate your skin, so look for a foundation that is specifically created for sensitive skin types.
What about color? Test foundation right along the jawline, making sure the color matches your face yet doesn’t differ too much from your neckline.
Ah, you’ve finally found your perfect match! Now is the time to actually apply it. Do you use a sponge, a brush, or your fingers? How does each method differ from each other?
The first thing you should remember before applying any sort of foundation is to wash and moisturize your face! Washing your face gets rid of excess dirt and oils, and using a moisturizer restores moisture and balance. Choose a moisturizer that’s at least SPF 15 to avoid any potential sun damage. Twice a week, be sure to exfoliate your face along with your normal skin care routine. Exfoliating gets rid of dead skin, which foundation can stick to and accentuate. If you have particularly troublesome skin, using a primer can help create a smooth canvas for easier application.
- Sponge: Sponges can be used wet or dry and different shapes are available for applying foundation on different parts of the face – including hard to reach crevices. However, sponges tend to absorb foundation, especially liquid kinds, so they can be wasteful. They’re also more prone to harvesting bacteria, which can lead to further breakouts.
- Brush: A brush can be washed after each use, making it your best choice for applying foundation. There are a variety of different shapes and sizes available depending on your needs, and you only need to use a little bit of foundation to go a long way. They help create a natural finish, creating a lighter coverage than using a sponge. Be sure to start from the middle of your face and brush outwards, ensuring that your jawline is perfectly blended.
- Fingers: If you’re using your fingers, always make sure you wash your hands before beginning. Using dirty fingers to apply foundation will only accentuate any existing skin problems by adding more oils and dirt onto your face. Using fingers to apply mousse or liquid foundation will help warm up the product for easier application, and dabbing small amounts on problem areas will help blend the product naturally. If you have naturally oily skin, it’s best to avoid using your fingers altogether.
Once your foundation is applied, it’s important to finish it for long-lasting results. Unless you’re using a powder foundation or have dry skin, you should set your foundation with a translucent powder. The powder won’t add any more coverage, but will absorb excess oils and leave your face looking flawless. If you want more tips on applying makeup like a pro, Udemy has the perfect course for you!